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Étude de vitrocéramiques modèles riches en CaMoO4 pour le confinement de déchets nucléaires

Abstract : MoO3 is poorly soluble in borosilicate glasses which can lead to the crystallization of undesired phases when its concentration or the charge load (minor actinides and fission products concentration) is too high. Crystallization control is needed to guarantee good immobilization properties. We studied powellite-rich glass-ceramics obtained from a simplified nuclear glass in the system SiO2 - B2O3 - Na2O - CaO - Al2O3 - MoO3 - RE2O3 (RE = Gd, Eu, Nd) by various heat treatments. Rare earth elements (REE) were added as minor actinides surrogates and as spectroscopic probes. The influence of MoO3 and RE2O3 content on powellite (CaMoO4) crystallization was investigated. Various glass-ceramics (similar residual glass + powellite) were obtained with large crystal size distributions. Phase separation due to molybdenum occurs during quenching when [MoO3] _ 2.5 mol%. We showed that increasing the rare earth content can suppress the phase separation due to molybdenum but it leads to spinodale decomposition of the residual glass. Furthermore, we studied the effects of parent glass complexification and the insertion of Gd3+ ions into the powellite structure. In order to understand the influence of microstructure on evolutions under β-irradiation, we studied point defects creation and structural changes. We showed that the damage induced by electronic excitations in the glass-ceramics is driven by the damage in the residual glass.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 11, 2012 - 11:01:25 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 12:33:34 AM
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  • HAL Id : pastel-00763616, version 1



Tatiana Taurines. Étude de vitrocéramiques modèles riches en CaMoO4 pour le confinement de déchets nucléaires. Matériaux. Ecole Polytechnique X, 2012. Français. ⟨pastel-00763616⟩



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