F. Archambeau, N. Mechitoua, and M. Et-sakiz, Code saturne : a finite volume code for the computation of turbulent incompressible flows -industrial applications, International Journal on Finite Volumes, 2003.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01115371

S. Arya, Air pollution meteorology and dispersion, 1999.

M. Azzi and G. Et-johnson, Airtrak : new developments. Clean Air, pp.191-193, 1993.

P. Benson, A review of the development and application of the CALINE3 and 4 models, Atmospheric Environment. Part B. Urban Atmosphere, vol.26, issue.3, pp.379-390, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0957-1272(92)90013-I

J. Berger, S. Walker, B. Denby, R. Berkowicz, P. Løfstrøm et al., Evaluation and inter-comparison of open road line source models currently in use in the nordic countries, Boreal Env. Res, vol.15, pp.319-334, 2010.

R. Bergstrom, C. Seigneur, B. Babson, H. Holman, and M. Wojcik, Comparison of the observed and predicted visual effects caused by power plant plumes, Atmospheric Environment (1967), vol.15, issue.10-11, pp.2135-2150, 1981.
DOI : 10.1016/0004-6981(81)90246-8

B. Bessagnet, L. Menut, G. Curci, A. Hodzic, B. Guillaume et al., Regional modeling of carbonaceous aerosols over Europe???focus on secondary organic aerosols, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, vol.112, issue.19, pp.175-202, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/s10874-009-9129-2

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00518382

J. Boutahar, S. Lacour, V. Mallet, D. Quélo, Y. Roustan et al., Development and validation of a fully modular platform for numerical modelling of air pollution: POLAIR, International Journal of Environment and Pollution, vol.22, issue.1/2, pp.17-28, 2004.
DOI : 10.1504/IJEP.2004.005474

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00527198

R. Briant, I. Korsakissok, and C. Et-seigneur, An improved line source model for air pollutant dispersion from roadway traffic, Atmospheric Environment, vol.45, issue.24, pp.4099-4107, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.11.016

R. Briant and C. Et-seigneur, Multi-scale modeling of roadway air quality impacts: Development and evaluation of a Plume-in-Grid model, Atmospheric Environment, vol.68, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.11.058

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00945110

R. Briant, C. Seigneur, M. Gadrat, and C. Et-bugajny, Evaluation of roadway Gaussian plume models with large-scale measurement campaigns, Geoscientific Model Development Discussions, vol.5, issue.4, pp.3343-3373, 2012.
DOI : 10.5194/gmdd-5-3343-2012-supplement

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00945377

G. Briggs, Diffusion estimation for small emissions, 1973.

D. Byun and J. Et-ching, Science algorithms of the EPA models-3 community multiscale air quality (CMAQ) modeling system, EPA, vol.600, 1999.

L. Calder, On estimating air pollution concentrations from a highway in an oblique wind, Atmospheric Environment (1967), vol.7, issue.9, pp.863-868, 1973.
DOI : 10.1016/0004-6981(73)90108-X

M. Cassiani, J. Vinuesa, S. Galmarini, and B. Et-denby, Stochastic fields method for subgrid scale emission heterogeneity in mesoscale atmospheric dispersion models, Atmos. Chem. Phys, vol.10, pp.167-277, 2010.

J. Chang and S. Hanna, Air quality model performance evaluation, Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics, vol.87, issue.1-3, pp.167-196, 2004.
DOI : 10.1007/s00703-003-0070-7

J. Chang, S. Jin, Y. Li, M. Beauharnois, C. Lu et al., The SARMAP air quality model ; final report Atmospheric Sciences Research Center, 1997.

H. Chen, S. Bai, D. Eisinger, D. Niemeier, and M. Et-claggett, Predicting near-road PM 2.5 concentrations : comparative assessment of CALINE4, CAL3QHC, and AERMOD, Transportation Research Record Journal of the Transportation Research Board, pp.212326-212363, 2009.

J. Ching, J. Herwehe, and J. Et-swall, On joint deterministic grid modeling and sub-grid variability conceptual framework for model evaluation, Atmospheric Environment, vol.40, issue.26, pp.4935-4945, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.01.021

J. Ching, T. Pierce, T. Palma, W. Hutzell, R. Tang et al., Application of fine scale air toxics modeling with CMAQ to HAPEM5, Proceedings of the 3rd Annual CMAS Models-3 Conference, 2004.

A. Cimorelli, S. Perry, A. Venkatram, J. Weil, R. Paine et al., AERMOD: A Dispersion Model for Industrial Source Applications. Part I: General Model Formulation and Boundary Layer Characterization, Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol.44, issue.5, pp.682-693, 2005.
DOI : 10.1175/JAM2227.1

R. Cook, I. Isakov, J. Touma, W. Benjey, J. Thurman et al., Resolving local-scale emissions for modeling air quality near roadways, J. Air Waste Manage Assoc, vol.58, pp.451-461, 2010.

G. Csanady, Turbulent Diffusion in the Environment, 1973.
DOI : 10.1007/978-94-010-2527-0

R. Draxler and G. Et-hess, An overview of the HYSPLIT4 modelling system for trajectories, dispersion, and deposition, Australian Meteorological Magazine, vol.47, pp.295-308, 1998.

R. Eskridge and S. Et-rao, Turbulent diffusion behind vehicles: Experimentally determined turbulence mixing parameters, Atmospheric Environment (1967), vol.20, issue.5, pp.851-860, 1967.
DOI : 10.1016/0004-6981(86)90269-6

J. Esplin, Approximate explicit solution to the general line source problem, Atmospheric Environment, vol.29, issue.12, pp.1459-1463, 1995.
DOI : 10.1016/1352-2310(94)00348-O

K. Franke, V. Eyring, R. Sander, J. Hendricks, A. Lauer et al., Toward effective emissions of ships in global models, Met. Zeitschrift, vol.17, pp.117-129, 2008.

R. Friedrich and S. Et-reis, Emissions of air pollutants-measurements, calculations and uncertainties , GENEMIS, EUROTRAC-2, 2004.

S. Galmarini, J. Vinuesa, and A. Et-martilli, Modeling the impact of sub-grid scale emission variability on upper-air concentration, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.8, issue.2, pp.141-158, 2008.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-8-141-2008

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00296412

N. Gillani and J. Et-godowitch, Plume-in-grid treatment of major point source emissions. in science algorithms of the EPA models-3 community multiscale air quality (CMAQ) modeling system. EPA-600/R-99/030, 1999.

J. Godowitch, Simulations of aerosols and photochemical species with the CMAQ plume-in-grid modeling system, Proceedings of the 3rd Annual CMAS Models-3 User's Conference, 2004.

G. Grell, S. Peckham, R. Schmitz, S. Mckeen, G. Frost et al., Fully coupled ???online??? chemistry within the WRF model, Atmospheric Environment, vol.39, issue.37, pp.6957-6976, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.04.027

D. Hauglustaine, F. Hourdin, L. Jourdain, M. Filiberti, S. Walters et al., Interactive chemistry in the Laboratoire de M??t??orologie Dynamique general circulation model: Description and background tropospheric chemistry evaluation, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.30, issue.7, p.4314, 2004.
DOI : 10.1029/2003JD003957

O. Hertel and R. Et-berkowicz, Modelling NO 2 concentrations in a street canyon, p.31, 1989.

O. Hertel and R. Et-berkowicz, Modelling pollution from traffic in a street canyon. evaluation of data and model development, p.77, 1989.

O. Hertel and R. Et-berkowicz, Operational street pollution model (OSPM). evaluation of the model on data from st, 1989.

P. Huszar, D. Cariolle, R. Paoli, T. Halenka, M. B. Schlagerand et al., Modeling the regional impact of ship emissions on NO<sub>x</sub> and ozone levels over the Eastern Atlantic and Western Europe using ship plume parameterization, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.10, issue.14, pp.6645-6660, 2010.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-10-6645-2010

V. Isakov, J. Irwin, and J. Et-ching, Using CMAQ for Exposure Modeling and Characterizing the Subgrid Variability for Exposure Estimates, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, vol.46, issue.9, pp.1354-1371, 2007.
DOI : 10.1175/JAM2538.1

M. Jacobson, J. Wilkerson, A. Naiman, and S. Et-lele, The effects of aircraft on climate and pollution. Part I: Numerical methods for treating the subgrid evolution of discrete size- and composition-resolved contrails from all commercial flights worldwide, Journal of Computational Physics, vol.230, issue.12, pp.5115-5132, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jcp.2011.03.031

P. Karamchandani, K. Lohman, and C. Et-seigneur, Using a sub-grid scale modeling approach to simulate the transport and fate of toxic air pollutants, Environmental Fluid Mechanics, vol.41, issue.1, pp.59-71, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/s10652-008-9097-0

P. Karamchandani, L. Santos, I. Sykes, Y. Zhang, C. Tonne et al., Development and Evaluation of a State-of-the-Science Reactive Plume Model, Environmental Science & Technology, vol.34, issue.5, pp.870-880, 2000.
DOI : 10.1021/es990611v

P. Karamchandani, C. Seigneur, K. Vijayaraghavan, and S. Et-wu, Development and application of a state-of-the-science plume-in-grid model, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.31, issue.D19, p.4403, 2002.
DOI : 10.1029/2002JD002123

P. Karamchandani, K. Vijayaraghavan, S. Chen, R. Balmori-bronson, and E. Et-knipping, Development and application of a parallelized version of the advanced modeling system for transport, emissions, reactions and deposition of atmospheric matter (AMSTERDAM): 1. Model performance evaluation and impacts of plume???in???grid treatment, Atmospheric Pollution Research, vol.1, issue.4, pp.260-270, 2010.
DOI : 10.5094/APR.2010.033

P. Karamchandani, K. Vijayaraghavan, S. Chen, C. Seigneur, and E. Et-edgerton, Plume-in-grid modeling for particulate matter, Atmospheric Environment, vol.40, issue.38, pp.7280-7297, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2006.06.033

P. Karamchandani, K. Vijayaraghavan, and G. Et-yarwood, Sub-Grid Scale Plume Modeling, Atmosphere, vol.2, issue.4, pp.389-406, 2011.
DOI : 10.3390/atmos2030389

P. Kastner-klein, R. Berkowicz, and E. Et-plate, Modelling of vehicle-induced turbulence in air pollution studies for streets, International Journal of Environment and Pollution, vol.14, issue.1/2/3/4/5/6, pp.496-507, 2000.
DOI : 10.1504/IJEP.2000.000573

Y. Kim, Modélisation de la qualité de l'air : ´ Evaluation des paramétrisations chimiques et métérologiques, Thèse de doctorat, 2011.

Y. Kim, K. Sartelet, and C. Et-seigneur, Comparison of two gas-phase chemical kinetic mechanisms of ozone formation over Europe, Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry, vol.36, issue.D12, pp.89-119, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/s10874-009-9142-5

I. Korsakissok, Changements d'´ echelles en modélisation de la qualité de l'air et estimation des incertitudes associées, 2009.

I. Korsakissok and V. Et-mallet, Comparative Study of Gaussian Dispersion Formulas within the Polyphemus Platform: Evaluation with Prairie Grass and Kincaid Experiments, Journal of Applied Meteorology and Climatology, vol.48, issue.12, pp.2459-2473, 2009.
DOI : 10.1175/2009JAMC2160.1

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00566228

I. Korsakissok and V. Et-mallet, Development and application of a reactive plume-in-grid model: evaluation over Greater Paris, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, vol.10, issue.2, pp.5091-5134, 2010.
DOI : 10.5194/acpd-10-5091-2010

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00543185

I. Korsakissok and V. Et-mallet, Subgrid-scale treatment for major point sources in an Eulerian model: A sensitivity study on the European Tracer Experiment (ETEX) and Chernobyl cases, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.37, issue.20, p.3303, 2010.
DOI : 10.1029/2009JD012734

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00543214

N. Kumar and A. Russell, Development of a computationally efficient, reactive subgrid-scale plume model and the impact in the northeastern United States using increasing levels of chemical detail, Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol.81, issue.D11, pp.16737-16744, 1996.
DOI : 10.1029/96JD01372

J. Levitin, J. Härkönen, J. Kukkonen, and J. Et-nikmo, Evaluation of the CALINE4 and CAR-FMI models against measurements near a major road, Atmospheric Environment, vol.39, issue.25, pp.4439-4452, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.03.046

V. Mallet, D. Quélo, B. Sportisse, M. Ahmed-de-biasi, ´. E. Debry et al., Technical Note: The air quality modeling system Polyphemus, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.7, issue.20, pp.5479-5487, 2007.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-7-5479-2007-supplement

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00328547

V. Mallet and B. Et-sportisse, 3-D chemistry-transport model Polair: numerical issues, validation and automatic-differentiation strategy, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, vol.4, issue.2, pp.1371-1392, 2004.
DOI : 10.5194/acpd-4-1371-2004

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00327858

C. Mchugh, D. Carruthers, H. Higson, and S. Et-dyster, Comparison of model evaluation methodologies with application to ADMS 3 and U.S. models, Int. J. Env. Pollut, vol.16, pp.1-6, 2001.

A. Mezdour, Modélisation de la turbulence due au trafic routier et son impact sur la dispersion desémissionsdesémissions du trafic routier, 2012.

M. Milliez, Modélisation micro-météorologique en milieu urbain : dispersion des polluants et prise en compte des effets radiatifs, 2006.

M. Milliez and B. Et-carissimo, Numerical simulations of flow and pollutant dispersion in an idealized urban area, for different meteorological conditions. Boundary-Layer Meteor, pp.321-342, 2007.

A. Naiman, S. Lele, J. Wilkerson, and M. Et-jacobson, Parameterization of subgrid plume dilution for use in large-scale atmospheric simulations, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol.10, issue.5, pp.2551-2560, 2010.
DOI : 10.5194/acp-10-2551-2010

H. Plaisance, A. P. Garcia-fouque, -. S. Et-galloo, and J. , Influence of meteorological factors on the NO2 measurements by passive diffusion tube, Atmospheric Environment, vol.38, issue.4, pp.573-580, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2003.09.073

S. Promeyrat-qotbi, ContributionàContributionà l'´ etude de la pollution atmosphériqueautoroutì ere ; caractérisation des flux de déposition et de la contamination métallique de l'environnement de proximité, Thèse de doctorat, 2001.

D. Quélo, M. Krysta, M. Bocquet, O. Isnard, Y. Minier et al., Validation of the Polyphemus platform on the ETEX, Chernobyl and Algeciras cases, Atmospheric Environment, vol.41, issue.26, pp.5300-5315, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.02.035

S. Reynolds, P. Roth, and J. Et-seinfeld, Mathematical modeling of photochemical air pollution???I, Atmospheric Environment (1967), vol.7, issue.11, pp.1033-1061, 1967.
DOI : 10.1016/0004-6981(73)90214-X

Y. Roustan, M. Pausader, and C. Et-seigneur, Estimating the effect of on-road vehicle emission controls on future air quality in Paris, France, Atmospheric Environment, vol.45, issue.37, pp.6828-6836, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.10.010

K. Sartelet, F. Couvidat, C. Seigneur, and Y. Et-roustan, Impact of biogenicemissions on airquality over Europe and North America, Atmos. Env, vol.52, pp.131-141, 2012.

K. Sartelet, E. Debry, K. Fahey, Y. Roustan, M. Tombette et al., Simulation of aerosols and gas-phase species over Europe with the Polyphemus system: Part I???Model-to-data comparison for 2001, Atmospheric Environment, vol.41, issue.29, pp.6116-6131, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.04.024

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inria-00633774

S. Sauvage, Origine et comportement des composés HydroCarbones Non Méthaniques (HCNM) en zone rurale, 2008.

J. Scire, D. Strimaitis, and R. Et-yamartino, A user's guide for CALPUFF dispersion model (version 5), Earth Tech. Inc, 2000.

C. Seigneur and R. Dennis, Atmospheric modeling, chapitre 9 in technical challenges of multipollutant air quality management, 2011.

C. Seigneur, T. Tesche, P. Roth, and M. Liu, On the treatment of point source emissions in urban air quality modeling, Atmospheric Environment (1967), vol.17, issue.9, pp.1655-1676, 1983.
DOI : 10.1016/0004-6981(83)90174-9

W. Skamarock, J. Klemp, J. Dudhia, D. Gill, D. Barker et al., A description of the advanced research WRF version 3. NCAR technical note 475+STR, 2008.

C. Song, G. Chen, S. Hanna, J. Crawford, and D. Davis, chemistry, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol.24, issue.2, p.4143, 2003.
DOI : 10.1029/2002JD002216

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00102423

L. Soulhac, P. Salizzoni, F. Cierco, and R. Et-perkins, The model SIRANE for atmospheric urban pollutant dispersion; part I, presentation of the model, Atmospheric Environment, vol.45, issue.39, pp.7379-7395, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.07.008

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00691092

L. Soulhac, P. Salizzoni, P. Mejean, D. Didier, and I. Et-rios, The model SIRANE for atmospheric urban pollutant dispersion; PART II, validation of the model on a real case study, Atmospheric Environment, vol.49, pp.320-357, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2011.11.031

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00780136

B. Sportisse, Pollution atmosphérique. Des processusàprocessusà la modélisation, 2007.

D. Stewart and M. Liu, Development and application of a reactive plume model, Atmospheric Environment (1967), vol.15, issue.10-11, pp.2377-2393, 1981.
DOI : 10.1016/0004-6981(81)90267-5

A. Stohl, M. Hittenberger, and G. Et-wotawa, Validation of the lagrangian particle dispersion model FLEXPART against large-scale tracer experiment data, Atmospheric Environment, vol.32, issue.24, pp.4245-4264, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S1352-2310(98)00184-8

S. Taghavi, B. Carissimo, K. Sartelet, K. Muller, and I. Et-korsakissok, Comparative evaluation of a eulerian CFD and gaussian plume model for roadside heavy metal deposition, Conference HARMO, vol.13, pp.13-110, 2010.

G. Taylor, Diffusion by Continuous Movements, Proc. London Math. Soc, pp.196-212, 1922.
DOI : 10.1112/plms/s2-20.1.196

J. Touma, V. Isakov, J. Ching, and C. Et-seigneur, Air Quality Modeling of Hazardous Pollutants: Current Status and Future Directions, Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, vol.56, issue.5, pp.547-558, 2006.
DOI : 10.1080/10473289.2006.10464480

M. Valari and L. Et-menut, Transferring the heterogeneity of surface emissions to variability in pollutant concentrations over urban areas through a chemistry-transport model, Atmospheric Environment, vol.44, issue.27, pp.3229-3238, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2010.06.001

A. Venkatram and T. Horst, Approximating dispersion from a finite line source, Atmospheric Environment, vol.40, issue.13, pp.2401-2408, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2005.12.014

A. Venkatram, V. Isakov, R. Seila, and R. Et-baldauf, Modeling the impacts of traffic emissions on air toxics concentrations near roadways, Atmospheric Environment, vol.43, issue.20, pp.3191-3199, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2009.03.046

A. Venkatram, V. Isakov, E. Thoma, and R. Et-baldauf, Analysis of air quality data near roadways using a dispersion model, Atmospheric Environment, vol.41, issue.40, pp.9481-9497, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2007.08.045

A. Venkatram and J. Et-pleim, The electrical analogy does not apply to modeling dry deposition of particles, Atmospheric Environment, vol.33, issue.18, pp.3075-3076, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S1352-2310(99)00094-1

V. Vestreng, K. Mareckova, S. Kakareka, A. Malchykhina, and T. Et-kukharchyk, Inventory review 2007-emission data reported to LRTAP convention and NEC directive, Tech. Rep. EMEP MSC-W, pp.1504-6206, 2007.

B. Viard, F. Pihan, S. Promeyrat, and J. Et-pihan, Integrated assessment of heavy metal (Pb, Zn, Cd) highway pollution: bioaccumulation in soil, Graminaceae and land snails, Chemosphere, vol.55, issue.10, pp.1349-1359, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.01.003

D. Wendum, Three long-range transport models compared to the ETEX experiment, Atmospheric Environment, vol.32, issue.24, pp.4297-4305, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S1352-2310(98)00187-3

R. Yamartino, Air Quality Modeling -Theories, Methodologies, Computational Techniques , and Available Databases and Software. Vol III-Special Issues, 2008.

G. Yarwood, S. Rao, M. Yocke, and G. Et-whitten, Updates to the carbon bond chemical mechanism : CB05 final report to the US EPA. RT-0400675, 2005.

Y. Zhang, M. Bocquet, V. Mallet, C. Seigneur, and A. Et-baklanov, Real-time air quality forecasting, part I: History, techniques, and current status, Atmospheric Environment, vol.60, pp.632-655, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.06.031

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00761344

Y. Zhu, W. Hinds, S. Shen, and C. Et-sioutas, on Findings from the Fine Particulate Matter Supersites Program, Aerosol Science and Technology, vol.38, issue.sup1, pp.5-13, 2004.
DOI : 10.1080/02786820390229156

B. Chapitre, Correction coefficients with a 1 ? resolution 174, p.86