Méthodes de mesure in situ des performances annuelles des pompes à chaleur air/air résidentielles

Abstract : Today, heat pumps (HP) are widely used as heating systems in building thanks to their high energy efficiency. They are even considered as a source of renewable energy and, according to the EU Directive 2009/28/EC, the amount of renewable energy has to be calculated from the annual performance. Therefore, it is important to be able to measure the annual performance. However, concerning the air-to-air HP there is no reliable and simple method which allows measuring the performance in situ during at least a season.In this context, the thesis proposes two in situ methods that could fill this gap. The first one is based on non-intrusive measurements on refrigerant side. It uses a compressor energy balance to determine the flow rate. The second one, based on air measurements, uses a distribution of hot-wire sensors to determine the air flow rate and temperatures.The thesis also develops an intrusive refrigerant method, which is not necessarily adapted for in situ conditions but can be used as a reference to validate the in situ methods. The experimental results show that the reference method is accurate both in stationary conditions and in dynamic operations (including during defrosting period).The validation of the in situ methods was performed by a specific test campaign in laboratory. As a perspective, the thesis makes it possible to develop on-board measurement methods using non-intrusive refrigerant sensors, providing an opportunity for manufacturers to display the in situ performance in real time.
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Cong-Toan Tran. Méthodes de mesure in situ des performances annuelles des pompes à chaleur air/air résidentielles. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ENMP0036⟩. ⟨pastel-00765206⟩

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