MODEL UNCERTAINTY IN FINANCE AND SECOND ORDER BACKWARD STOCHASTIC DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

Abstract : The main objective of this PhD thesis is to study some financial mathematics problems in an incomplete market with model uncertainty. In recent years, the theory of second order backward stochastic differential equations (2BSDEs for short) has been developed by Soner, Touzi and Zhang on this topic. In this thesis, we adopt their point of view. This thesis contains of four key parts related to 2BSDEs. In the first part, we generalize the 2BSDEs theory initially introduced in the case of Lipschitz continuous generators to quadratic growth generators. This new class of 2BSDEs will then allow us to consider the robust utility maximization problem in non-dominated models. In the second part, we study this problem for exponential utility, power utility and logarithmic utility. In each case, we give a characterization of the value function and an optimal investment strategy via the solution to a 2BSDE. In the third part, we provide an existence and uniqueness result for second order reflected BSDEs with lower obstacles and Lipschitz generators, and then we apply this result to study the problem of American contingent claims pricing with uncertain volatility. In the fourth part, we define a notion of 2BSDEs with jumps, for which we prove the existence and uniqueness of solutions in appropriate spaces. We can interpret these equations as standard BSDEs with jumps, under both volatility and jump measure uncertainty. As an application of these results, we shall study a robust exponential utility maximization problem under model uncertainty, where the uncertainty affects both the volatility process and the jump measure.
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Chao Zhou. MODEL UNCERTAINTY IN FINANCE AND SECOND ORDER BACKWARD STOCHASTIC DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS. Probability [math.PR]. Ecole Polytechnique X, 2012. English. ⟨pastel-00771437⟩

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