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Élaboration d'une méthode de qualification du paysage sonore. Le cas des quartiers durables allemands Kronsberg et Vauban

Abstract : This thesis attempts to progress on the consideration of the sound environment quality within the framework of sustainable neighbourhood projects, by relying on the notion of landscape and its recent evolutions. The integration of the sound dimension of the landscape in the reflection on the planning allows to better understand the connections which the inhabitants maintain with their living territories, and thus to intervene in an operational way with more relevance on the quality of life in the city. The specificity of this research lies in its approach, neither epidemiological of the sound environment such as it is at present led by public policies, nor aesthetical approach of the landscape, but centred on the daily sound environment experienced by the inhabitants. This approach requires the mobilization of appropriate tools to describe, interpret and explain the soundscape in its entirety and to a local scale - that of the neighbourhood. A method of qualification of the soundscape was thus elaborated by cross-checking from :•speech from those involved in the projects collected during semi-directive interviews and the study of documents (the reasoned landscape) ;•an urbanistic and landscape diagnosis, made from the study of documents, statements, photos and audio recordings (the tuned landscape) ;•and for the most part research, interviews with the inhabitants, commented routes, mental maps and sound journals (the hearing landscape). The whole allowed to qualify the soundscapes of the German sustainable neighbourhoods Kronsberg (Hanover) and Vauban (Freiburg), drawing from elements such as the soundmarkers, the indicators of sound quality and a sensitive typology of places. These are revealers of the way to live and to possess the sound environment for the inhabitants, and can be used by the designers and by the planning actors as levers of the urbanism and landscaping projects.
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Elise Geisler. Élaboration d'une méthode de qualification du paysage sonore. Le cas des quartiers durables allemands Kronsberg et Vauban. Psychologie. AgroParisTech, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011AGPT0076⟩. ⟨pastel-00778754⟩



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