Personalised Electrophysiological Models of Ventricular Tachycardia for Radio Frequency Ablation Therapy Planning

Abstract : Modelling cardiac electrophysiology for arrhythmias in silico has been an important research topic for the last decades. In order to translate this important progress into clinical applications, there is a requirement to make macroscopic models that can be used for the planning and guidance of clinical procedures. The objective of this thesis was to construct such macroscopic EP models specifict o each patient for study and prediction, in order to improve the planning and guidance of radio frequency ablation (RFA) the rapieson patients suffering from post infarction Ventricular Tachycardia (VT). In this work, we proposed a framework for the personalisation of a 3D cardiac EP model, the Mitchell-Schaeffer (MS) model, an devaluated its volumetric predictive power under various pacing scenarios.This was performed on ex vivo large porcine healthy heart susing Diffusion Tensor MRI (DT-MRI) and dense optical mapping data of the epicardium. This framework was then also applied to a clinical dataset derived from a hybrid XMR imaging and sparse electroanatomical mapping on a patient with heart failure. Next, the 3DMS model was also adapted to simulate the macroscopic structural behaviour of fibrosis near the scars. The simulation of an in silico VT stimulation study using the personalised adapted MS model was then performed, to quantify VT risk in terms of inducibility maps, re-entry patterns and exit point maps. A rule-based modelling approach for RF ablation lesions based on state of the art studies was proposed. Lastly, the in silico VT stimulation study was applied to in vivo personalised data of patients who underwent a clinical VT stimulation study. A validation of the in silico post-infarct VT prediction was performed against the clinically induced VT. Therole of spatial heterogeneity of the estimated patient’s cardiac tissue properties in the genesis of ischemic VT was learnt, along with their characteristics for entry/exit points, which are the potential candidates for RF ablation.
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Jatin Relan. Personalised Electrophysiological Models of Ventricular Tachycardia for Radio Frequency Ablation Therapy Planning. Other. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012ENMP0042⟩. ⟨pastel-00794165⟩

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