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Étude de la dissolution de verres borosilicatés en présence de minéraux magnésiens modèles représentatifs des minéraux de l'argilite du Callovo-Oxfordien

Abstract : Borosilicate glasses dissolution has been studied in presence of magnesium minerals. Those minerals (dolomite, illite, smectite…) belong to the Callovo-Oxfordian (COx) claystone layer, studied in France as a potential site for nuclear waste disposal. Such minerals contain magnesium, an element able to sustain glass alteration when it is available in solution. In the confined media of the wastes disposal, thesolids reactivity controls the solution composition and can be the driving force of nuclear glass alteration. Experiments show that magnesium carbonates (hydromagnesite and dolomite) increase in the glass alteration: the precipitation of magnesium silicates consumes silicon which slows down the formation of the glass passivating layer. The lower the magnesium mineral solubility, the lower the glass alteration.The purified clay phases (illite, smectite…) from the COx layer increase the glass alteration. Half the magnesium was remplaced by sodium during the purification process. In such conditions, the effect of clay phases on glass alteration is in part due to the acidic pH-buffering effect of the clay fraction. The GRAAL model implemented in the geochemical transport code HYTEC has confirmed and quantified the mechanisms put in evidence in the experiments. Cells diffusion experiments where the two solids were separated by an inert diffusion barrier allow to valid reactive transport modelling. Such experiments are more representative of the glass package which will be separated from the COx by corrosion products. They show that glass alteration rate is reduced when solids are not close.
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Mathieu Debure. Étude de la dissolution de verres borosilicatés en présence de minéraux magnésiens modèles représentatifs des minéraux de l'argilite du Callovo-Oxfordien. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ENMP0047⟩. ⟨pastel-00797458⟩

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