Traçage des intrusions de CO2 dans les aquifères d'eau douce par les méthodes multi-isotopiques

Abstract : This study deals with the impact of CO2 leakages out of geological storage into overlying freshwater aquifers. Compared to other existing studies, the major added value of this study lies, on the one hand, in the research of new monitoring tools and isotopic approach in the context of CCS aiming at early and sensitive detection of CO2 leakage and, on the other hand, in the application of these tools at the (limited) laboratory scale as well as at field scale. In order to test these tools, solid and liquid materials were sampled out of the major strategic drinking water Albian aquifer in the Paris Basin (France). We have then precisely characterized and used them within a batch experiment. This experiment yields interesting results which help understanding and constraining precisely the water-rock-CO2 interactions as well as the isotopic responses. A real scale application of the method was then performed in Norway. It was an opportunity to develop this isotopic program and to track the isotopic evolution composition, while differentiating the natural processes and the system response tothe CO2 injection. When applied to the detection of CO2 leakage context, the two case studies open the way for choosing the “best” isotopic tools as indirect indicators of CO2 presence in these specific systems. The efficiency of these isotopic tools comes from the recording of the CO2 footprint all along the water-rock-CO2 interactions. Using such tools imposes a rigorous methodology, which is tackled inthis manuscript. Furthermore, future application will require adapting to the specifics of a proposed site.
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Pauline Humez. Traçage des intrusions de CO2 dans les aquifères d'eau douce par les méthodes multi-isotopiques. Sciences de la Terre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ENMP0049⟩. ⟨pastel-00797525⟩

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