Conception et réalisation d'un prototype d'imageur X durs à sélection spectrale pour le Laser MégaJoule

Abstract : In the Laser MégaJoule (LMJ) project context, measurements need to be done by diagnostics in order to achieve ignition. Amongst these diagnostics, some of the X-ray imagers will have to observe hydrodynamics instabilities on the micron balloon surface. X-ray radiography or self-emission imaging are the techniques used to obtain such imaging. None of the existing X-ray imagers designed for LMJ is currently able to record this kind of image. The X-ray imager designed during this thesis will have to achieve a high resolution image at high energy and will have to meet all the requirements subsequent to its use on a large facility like LMJ. We have studied and optimized an already existing diagnostic: EHRXI. We have extended its covered spectral range up to 12 keV. We measured its resolution that is under 5 μm in a 1 mm diameter field of view. This diagnostic has been successfully used on laser experiments in ELFIE 100 TW and OMEGA. After analyzing the performances and weaknesses of EHRXI, we were able to design a LMJ diagnostic prototype: Merssix. This microscope will achieve a resolution under 5 μm in a 500 μm diameter field of view with a covered spectral range up to 22 keV. Merssix has been specificaly designed for LMJ and adapted to fit its experimental framework. Its design allows it in particular to be used for radiography in a complex X-ray producing environment.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 13, 2013 - 3:53:05 PM
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David Dennetiere. Conception et réalisation d'un prototype d'imageur X durs à sélection spectrale pour le Laser MégaJoule. Instrumentations et Détecteurs [physics.ins-det]. Ecole Polytechnique X, 2012. Français. ⟨pastel-00800353⟩

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