Détermination du rôle de l'énergie dans la compétitivité de l'industrie manufacturière : Études économétriques et modélisation des interdépendances

Abstract : A loss of industrial competitiveness is a major concern for energy and environmental policy design. This thesis studies the impacts of energy prices and environmental regulation asymmetries among countries on the competitiveness of the manufacturing industry in Europe and in the World. First, main factors of competitiveness in two energy-intensive industries, steel and paper sectors, are identified with econometric methods. The role of energy is then quantified and weighted relatively to these other factors. In particular, the evolution of exports and production for a national industry, as well as changes in production capacities of a factory, are analysed. Secondly, high energy prices, or a new environmental regulation, do not impact only energy-intensive industries but also downstream manufacturing sectors. The scale of the research is therefore extended to the whole manufacturing industry on a global scope. The objective is to grasp energy interdependencies between industrial sectors all along the production chain, including national differences in energy use. The study is based on a matrix calculation method using Input-Output tables. Energy dependence of national industries is not only a domestic issue, but also an international one.
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Mathieu Bordigoni. Détermination du rôle de l'énergie dans la compétitivité de l'industrie manufacturière : Études économétriques et modélisation des interdépendances. Economies et finances. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ENMP0057⟩. ⟨pastel-00803187⟩

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