Proposition d’un système de transport urbain mixte : application dans le cadre de la ville moyenne de La Rochelle

Abstract : An efficient and effective transport for passengers and goods is an essentialelement for cities' daily life and development. As passengers need to resort to efficienttransport solutions, allowing to reach their destinations at scheduled time, similarly,goods must be handled quickly to avoid creating excessive stocks and to minimizewarehouses size and related operating costs. As urban space is a limited resource, it iscommonly argued that passengers and goods flows inter-act each other strongly.Considering the fact that both flows are growing and growing in urban environment(European Commission, 2007) the global level of urban accessibility decreases.According to this trend, congestion problems occur and as a result the travel timeincreases for all.Cities need new scenarios to reverse this trend. Facing this challenge, ourresearch aims at defining a model which will constitute a first framework to plan and tocontrol both passengers and goods flows in the urban environment. It focuses on thesharing concept, which means to make a joint use of transport resources, betweenpassengers and goods flows. Driving under the national research project ANR CGOODS(City Goods Operation Optimization using Decision support System) this study assessesthe interest of implementing an shared urban transport system. The proposed transportsystem ensures the supply of goods in a medium-sized town, from an urban distributioncenter, based on a transit line that carries passengers. Vehicles running on the line usetheir residual capacity to transport goods. The goods are unloaded by the stops of the line.An capillary distribution system associated with each stop ensures goods deliveries tofinal destinations. We aim to define the economic, environmental and societal impacts ofthis system, the purpose being to provide a methodological framework to guide itsimplementation.
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Anna Trentini. Proposition d’un système de transport urbain mixte : application dans le cadre de la ville moyenne de La Rochelle. Economies et finances. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ENMP0076⟩. ⟨pastel-00819246⟩

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