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Abstract : Ecuador is the world's leading banana exporter in the world since the late 50s, and the banana farming industry has become one of the country's major sources of income. Unlike other export countries where transnational corporations directly supply from their own estates. Ecuador's production comes from different types of agricultural holdings (families, smallholders, capitalist groups) and from different types of land-owners. The analysis and the comparison of the various situations of banana export is the fundamental part of this thesis. An understanding of the historical and contemporary transformations of the banana farming and the contrast between the diverse situations of the different production regions is necessary in order to formulate suitable agrarian development proposals. The historical evolution of the banana producing zones in relation to the national or international context helps in understanding the principal effects produced by the structural changes of the Ecuadorian banana farming in these zones. Furthermore the principal characterisation of the banana producer crop's system and the technical process are analyzed in detail and evaluated according to a set of indicators. The economic characterisation of the various types of banana producers and their differentiation axis is carried out based on the economic indices such as the wealth generation, job creation and revenue derived from farming. The Ecuadorian banana industry and its diverse economic agents are investigated in order to build an export selling price and to discern the sharing of added values paying special attention on the roles and relations of the small banana producers as well as the production factors (land, water). Thus we can establish that this thesis can help to: i) understand the factors and impact processes for the development of the cocoa plantation system and its transformation into a banana plantation system; ii) evaluate the technical and economic performance of the banana plantation system and its sustainability for nation's development; iii) understand the transformation of the agrarian structure of the banana plantation zones and its possible evolution with regards to the new international market relations; iv) demonstrate the effects of different agricultural systems on rural employment and v) asses economically the different agricultural systems. The fundamental aim is to propose alternative ideas to the agricultural policy making to take into account sustainable and effective development for the country and precisely to develop new innovative strategies for the banana industry and its different agrarian production systems. Above all we endeavour to determine the problems that the peasant farmers and the various economic agents have to face in their daily lives.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 1, 2013 - 9:18:03 PM
Last modification on : Friday, August 5, 2022 - 2:38:10 PM


  • HAL Id : pastel-00819547, version 1



Dario Alexander Cepeda-Bastidas. CES MAINS QUI FONT LE REGIME DYNAMIQUE ET PERFORMANCES AGRO-ECONOMIQUES DES SYSTEMES DE PRODUCTION BANANIERS EN EQUATEUR. Agriculture, économie et politique. AgroParisTech, 2009. Français. ⟨pastel-00819547⟩



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