Modélisation de la durée de vie d'un revêtement aluminoformeur en conditions de sollicitations thermo-mécaniques

Abstract : This study aims at modeling the life time of a NiAlPt coating used at high temperature and deposited on a single crystal nickel-based superalloy AM1. Usually, the life time of coatings is estimated through the evaluation of the mass of coated samples (Net Mass Gain curves), during thermal cycling tests. Existing models are very suitable to describe the evolution of coating in the case of poorly adherent oxide layer. Unfortunately, this is not the case of the studied NiAlPt coating. Moreover, it is impossible to obtain experimentally the Net Mass gain curve of a sample subjected to thermo-mechanical loading, experienced by engine components. Thus, the strategy adopted in this study is to correlate the microstructure of the coating with its life time, evaluated during thermal cycling.The experimental work included cyclic oxidation tests at different temperatures, cycling frequencies and in-phase, out-of-phase and complex thermo-mechanical loadings. For each of the tested condition, interrupted tests allowed the characterization of the microstructure evolution as a function of the loading parameters up to relatively long ageing time. Especially, the roughness of the coating surface has been investigated as well as the interdiffusion zone (IDZ) thickness evolution or the fraction of γ' phase transformed within the coating. These two last parameters where found to be correlated respectively to the time needed to reach the maximum of the Net Mass Gain curve and the time needed to reach the zero mass gain of the curve, under thermal cycling conditions.A model for the interdiffusion (IDZ) thickness evolution was proposed as a function of the loading parameters. The phase transformation in the coating was modeled using a mass balance condition for the aluminum in the coating, including roughness of the surface and oxide scale integrity considerations. This model based on original criteria allowed the estimation of the life time of a coated turbine blade under service conditions.
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Pierre Sallot. Modélisation de la durée de vie d'un revêtement aluminoformeur en conditions de sollicitations thermo-mécaniques. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ENMP0085⟩. ⟨pastel-00820205⟩

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