Étude de la compaction isostatique à chaud de l'acier inox 316L : Modélisation numérique à l'échelle mésoscopique et caractérisation expérimentale

Abstract : A two and three-dimensional finite element simulation of HIP (Hot Isostatic Pressing) at mesoscopic scale is proposed, in view of an in-depth understanding of the different physical mechanisms involved in powder densification. The model is formulated in a eulerian framework, using level set formulation and adaptive meshing and remeshing strategy to identify particle interactions inside a representative elementary volume (REV). A statistical generator is in charge of the definition of the initial configuration under the constraint of accounting for the real particle size distribution. Mechanical boundary conditions are applied to the REV, resulting in the deformation of particles and densification of the REV. As a first approach, the power-law creep of particles is considered as the unique densification mechanism. Starting from data issued from macroscopic simulations of the HIPping of a part made of 316L powder, mesoscopic simulations in different locations of the part have been carried out (macro-to-meso approach). The results of these simulations are presented and discussed in the light of experimental studies (optical microscopy and SEM, EBSD, EPMA) of the structure and microstructure of the compact, which were obtained from interrupted compactions. Mechanical tests on fully densified 316L were also conducted.Keywords : HIP, 316L, powder densification, level-set function, meshing and remeshing technique, mesoscopic scale, experimental studies, microstructure, EBSD, mechanical tests.
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Ala Zouaghi. Étude de la compaction isostatique à chaud de l'acier inox 316L : Modélisation numérique à l'échelle mésoscopique et caractérisation expérimentale. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ENMP0006⟩. ⟨pastel-00823612⟩

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