Moulage par microinjection des polymères semi-cristallins

Abstract : The components miniaturization is an important step in the evolution of micro technology in several domain (connectivity, medical, optical, mechanical, microsystems). For this purpose, the micro-injection molding seems to be the key solution for the large-scale micro-polymer components production.The crystallization of the semi-crystalline polymers under high shear and cooling rates (about 100 K / s), induces specific properties and morphologies, consequently, it takes a substantial importance in the process of micro-injection compared to conventional injection molding where the usually injected thicknesses is over 1 mm. These micro-structures have a great influence on the mechanical propertie of the final product. The prediction of the final product's properties based on the illustration of the micro-structure is a technical and scientific challenge. In this thesis, two semi-crystalline polymers were micro-injected, the high density polyethylene and the polyamide 12. The obtained analyzes with the use of an optical microscope showed that the Morphology of Crystals vary between micro-and macro-pieces. While the morphology of 'peau-cœur' is present in the macro-pieces, the micro-parts have a particular morphology. The combined analysis of diffusion and X-ray diffraction (WAXS and SAXS) along with the synchrotron microbeam, has allowed us to determined the micro-structure induced by the micro-injection process throughout the thickness of the pieces.We have identified that the morphology and the induced crystal's orientation are very dependent on the conditions of injection or micro-injection. The decrease of the thickness,speed and temperature of the mold will increase the crystal orientation by limiting the relaxation of the polymer chains.
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Nada Bou Malhab. Moulage par microinjection des polymères semi-cristallins. Autre. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ENAM0045⟩. ⟨pastel-00831028⟩

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