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Étude d'écoulements transitionnels et hors équilibre par des approches DNS et RANS.

Abstract : The stall is an unsteady aerodynamic phenomenon that may occur on many aerodynamic profiles. It consists in a large separation of the flow from the wall of the wing and significantly deteriorates the flight performances. On some blade profiles such as helicopters, turbines or rotors, this phenomenon occurs under normal conditions of use and justifies the research of industrially accessible modeling methods. The stall is initiated at the leading edge by the appearance of a small region of fluid recirculation called a “laminar separation bubble” where the flow transitions from the laminar to the turbulent state. This still poorly understood phenomenon involves transition and non-equilibrium flows for which commonly used RANS modeling tools are not suitable. In this study, a transitional bubble typical of an helicopter leading edge flow (OA209 profile at a Reynolds number Rec∞=1.8x106 and 15° of incidence) is reproduced on a flat plate. A DNS simulation of this flow is performed using the ONERA FUNk software to serve as a database for RANS models improvements. The evolution of turbulent kinetic energy budgets as well as the main RANS assumptions (isotropy of turbulence, Boussinesq hypothesis, production/dissipation balance) are analyzed. The main RANS models developed in the ONERA elsA software are then studied by weighting the turbulent quantities with a transition function reproducing the intermittency of the turbulence. The k-ω Wilcox model coupled with an optimized transition function gave the best results and was therefore kept for a more in-depth analysis, including an assessment of the main budgets and an application of this model and its transition method to a natural transition test case on a flat plate.
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Célia Laurent. Étude d'écoulements transitionnels et hors équilibre par des approches DNS et RANS.. Autre. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ENAM0046⟩. ⟨pastel-00834850⟩

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