Sound generation by coherent structures in mixing layers

Abstract : A mixing layer is generally considered as a prototype of free shear flows whichoccur in a very broad spectrum of applications from natural phenomena to the engineeringscience. The increasing development of the aeroacoustics, more particularly thanks to theprogress in numerical simulations, has allowed to identify the coherent structures which evolvein the flow as the main sound sources. Furthermore, the emergence of the instability wavestaking the form of the coherent structures can be characterized by the stability analysis. In thiscontext, we propose through this work to perform a global stability analysis, in order tounderstand the emergence of fundamental frequencies, as well as a modal decompositionwithin both a linear and nonlinear framework, to characterize the coherent structures primarilyresponsible for the sound generation. In particular, we propose to develop the methods of theglobal stability with respect to the compressible flows as well as a technique of calculation ofcoherent structures applied to the nonlinear regimes based on the DMD method. Such analysistools are validated and illustrated on an academic configuration of a co-flowing mixing layer, atypical noise amplifier, from a simple case where a single source is implicated in the acousticradiation to a more complex case where two sources are present. Both the temporal and spatialDMD are shown capable of describing the characteristics of the coherent structures in the nearfield and the behaviour of the acoustic waves in the far field. Finally, the methods of the modaldecomposition have proven themselves as a relevant model reduction aiming at designing anefficient control strategy.
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Ge Song. Sound generation by coherent structures in mixing layers. Other. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2012. English. ⟨NNT : 2012ENAM0024⟩. ⟨pastel-00835374⟩

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