Séchage en continu du bois énergie comme moyen de préconditionnement en vue de sa conservation thermochimique : approches expérimentale et numérique

Abstract : The dry conversion routes of wood to energy require more and more improvement in the quality of raw material, particularly regarding to its moisture content. That is why a preliminary step of preconditioning tends to be developed on the industrial sites. The use of continuous dryers is then tempting because of their low cost and their perfect integration in the production line. However it is not without pitfall: the climatic conditions heterogeneity inside the dryer, on the one hand, and the biomass variability, on the other hand, make the utilization of these industrial plants tedious.Our study aims to develop a computing tool to help engineers optimizing and to designing continuous dryers passed through by a condensed bed of wood particles. For this result, an experimental approach of the process is associated to a numerical one. The scientific method revolves around two representative scales:•At the wood particle scale, the Van Meel model, based on the concept of characteristic drying curve, is enhanced: the coupling between heat and mass transfer is made explicit. So we obtain a reactive model which is predictive when the climatic conditions are variable. Meanwhile, a first original experimental device is designed and built in order to study the drying of single wood particles. Thanks to the collected data, the semi-analytical model is provided with parameters and is validated;•At the dryer scale, a dual-scale approach is chosen in order to take into account the evolution of the climatic conditions. A particular attention is paid to the modeling in order to make it as similar as possible to the existing installations: as such, the transfers at the wall surface and the variability of wood particles are included. Meanwhile, a second original experimental device is designed and built in order to study the drying of a wood particles stack. The data collected are then confronted with simulations of the double-scale model.The validation of the model has proven to be convincing at the particle scale and at the dryer one. Therefore a utilization of the code to help in the design and optimization of industrial plants can be considered. Thus, the work ends by two case studies through which we explore the potential of the model to maximize material flow while ensuring product quality and efficiency of the dryer.
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Julien Colin. Séchage en continu du bois énergie comme moyen de préconditionnement en vue de sa conservation thermochimique : approches expérimentale et numérique. Sciences agricoles. AgroParisTech, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011AGPT0041⟩. ⟨pastel-00861231⟩

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