Y. Catonné, E. Sari-ali, and A. Nogier, Déviations axiales des membres inférieurs. Sauramps Médical, 2006.

C. Chaichankul, A. Tanavalee, and P. Itiravivong, Anthropometric measurements of knee joints in Thai population: Correlation to the sizing of current knee prostheses, The Knee, vol.18, issue.1, pp.5-10, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.knee.2009.12.005

R. Chav, T. Cresson, C. Kauffman, and J. A. De-guise, Method for fast and accurate segmentation processing from prior shape: application to femoral head segmentation on x-ray images, Medical Imaging 2009: Image Processing, 2009.
DOI : 10.1117/12.812459

F. Cheriet and J. Meunier, Self-calibration of a biplane X-ray imaging system for an optimal three dimensional reconstruction, Computerized Medical Imaging and Graphics, vol.23, issue.3, pp.133-141, 1999.
DOI : 10.1016/S0895-6111(99)00006-3

H. E. Cline, W. E. Lorensen, S. Ludke, C. R. Crawford, and B. C. Teeter, Two algorithms for the three-dimensional reconstruction of tomograms, Medical Physics, vol.15, issue.3, pp.320-327, 1988.
DOI : 10.1118/1.596225

T. D. Cooke, R. A. Scudamore, J. T. Bryant, C. Sorbie, D. Siu et al., A quantitative approach to radiography of the lower limb. Principles and applications, J Bone Joint Surg Br, vol.73, issue.5, pp.715-720, 1991.

T. F. Cootes, C. J. Taylor, D. H. Cooper, and J. Graham, Active Shape Models-Their Training and Application, Computer Vision and Image Understanding, vol.61, issue.1, pp.38-59, 1995.
DOI : 10.1006/cviu.1995.1004

URL : https://www.escholar.manchester.ac.uk/api/datastream?publicationPid=uk-ac-man-scw:1d1862&datastreamId=POST-PEER-REVIEW-PUBLISHERS.PDF

A. M. Cormack, Early Two-Dimensional Reconstruction (CT Scanning) and Recent Topics Stemming from It, Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography, vol.4, issue.5, pp.658-664, 1979.
DOI : 10.1097/00004728-198010000-00016

T. Cresson, B. Godbout, D. Branchaud, R. Chav, P. Gravel et al., Surface reconstruction from planar x-ray images using moving least squares, 2008 30th Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, pp.3967-3970, 2008.
DOI : 10.1109/IEMBS.2008.4650078

A. L. Darling, O. A. Hakim, K. Horton, M. A. Gibbs, L. Cui et al., Adaptations in tibial cortical thickness and total volumetric bone density in postmenopausal South Asian women with small bone size, Bone, vol.55, issue.1, pp.36-43, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.bone.2013.03.006

D. Bruin, P. W. , B. L. Kaptein, B. C. Stoel, R. J. et al., Image-based RSA: Roentgen stereophotogrammetric analysis based on 2D???3D image registration, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.41, issue.1, pp.155-164, 2008.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jbiomech.2007.07.002

D. Croce, U. , A. Leardini, L. Chiari, and A. Cappozzo, Human movement analysis using stereophotogrammetry, Gait & Posture, vol.21, issue.2, pp.226-237, 2005.
DOI : 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2004.05.003

A. Dieudonne, P. Zhang, P. Vannoorenberghe, and I. Gardin, Semiautomated Thoracic and Abdominal Computed Tomography Segmentation Using the Belief Functions Theory: Application to 3D Internal Dosimetry, Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals, vol.22, issue.2, pp.275-280, 2007.
DOI : 10.1089/cbr.2006.318

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/inserm-00467287

X. Dong and G. Zheng, study, The International Journal of Medical Robotics and Computer Assisted Surgery, vol.21, issue.12, pp.213-222, 2009.
DOI : 10.1002/rcs.253

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00011843

R. Drake, W. Vogl, and A. Mitchell, Gray's anatomy for students, 2009.

J. Dubousset, Three-dimensional analysis of the scoliotic deformity, 1994.

J. Dubousset, G. Charpak, I. Dorion, W. Skalli, F. Lavaste et al., [A new 2D and 3D imaging approach to musculoskeletal physiology and pathology with low-dose radiation and the standing position: the EOS system], Bull Acad Natl Med, vol.189, issue.2, pp.287-297, 2005.

R. Dumas, D. Mitton, S. Laporte, J. Dubousset, J. P. Steib et al., Explicit calibration method and specific device designed for stereoradiography, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.36, issue.6, pp.827-834, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(03)00016-2

F. Duparc, J. M. Thomine, J. Simonet, and N. Biga, [Femoral and tibial bone torsions associated with internal femoro-tibial osteoarthritis. Index of cumulative torsions], Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot, vol.78, issue.7, pp.430-437, 1992.

J. Duparc and C. Massare, Mesures radiologiques des déviations angulaires du génou sur le plan frontal, Ann.Radiol, vol.10, pp.9-10, 1967.

B. Efron, The Jackknife, the Bootstrap and Other Resampling Plans, 1982.
DOI : 10.1137/1.9781611970319

H. Farahani, A. Rahiminezhad, L. Same, and K. Immanezhad, A Comparison of Partial Least Squares (PLS) and Ordinary Least Squares (OLS) regressions in predicting of couples mental health based on their communicational patterns, Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, vol.5, 2010.
DOI : 10.1016/j.sbspro.2010.07.308

F. D. Faro, M. C. Marks, J. Pawelek, and P. O. Newton, Evaluation of a Functional Position for Lateral Radiograph Acquisition in Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis, Spine, vol.29, issue.20, pp.29-2284, 1976.
DOI : 10.1097/01.brs.0000142224.46796.a7

M. Fleute, S. Lavallée, and L. Desbat, Integrated approach for matching statistical shape models with intra-operative 2D and 3D data Medical image computing and computer-assisted intervention, pp.364-372, 2002.

C. Gauvin, J. Dansereau, Y. Petit, J. A. De-guise, and H. Labelle, [Customized 3D radiographic reconstruction of the human pelvis], Ann Chir, vol.52, issue.8, pp.744-751, 1998.

R. Gheno, E. Nectoux, B. Herbaux, M. Baldisserotto, L. Glock et al., Three-dimensional measurements of the lower extremity in children and adolescents using a low-dose biplanar X-ray device, European Radiology, vol.257, issue.4, pp.765-771, 2012.
DOI : 10.1007/s00330-011-2308-y

A. Gonzalez-aguero, G. Vicente-rodriguez, A. Gomez-cabello, and J. A. Casajus, Cortical and trabecular bone at the radius and tibia in male and female adolescents with Down syndrome: a peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) study, Osteoporosis International, vol.12, issue.10, pp.1035-1044, 2013.
DOI : 10.1007/s00198-012-2041-7

A. Gray, F. Meyer, and P. F. Leyvraz, Anomalies morphologiques des membres inférieurs dans la gonarthrose. Médecine et hygiène Revue médicale suisse, pp.2374-2379, 2002.

T. N. Hangartner and V. Gilsanz, Evaluation of cortical bone by computed tomography, Journal of Bone and Mineral Research, vol.198, issue.10, pp.1518-1525, 1996.
DOI : 10.1002/jbmr.5650111019

W. P. Ho, C. K. Cheng, and J. L. Liau, Morphometrical measurements of resected surface of femurs in Chinese knees: Correlation to the sizing of current femoral implants, The Knee, vol.13, issue.1, pp.12-14, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.knee.2005.05.002

A. E. Hoerl, Applications of the ridge analysis to regression problems, Chemical engineering progress, vol.58, pp.54-59, 1962.

A. E. Hoerl and R. W. Kennard, Ridge regression biaised estimation for nonorthogonal problems, Technometrics, vol.8, pp.27-51, 1970.

A. Hoiseth, O. Reikeras, and E. Fonstelien, Basic concepts of femoral neck anteversion: comparison of two definitions, The British Journal of Radiology, vol.62, issue.734, pp.114-116, 1989.
DOI : 10.1259/0007-1285-62-734-114

A. Hoiseth, O. Reikeras, and E. Fonstelien, Evaluation of Three Methods for Measurement of Femoral Neck Anteversion: Femoral Neck Anteversion, Definition, Measuring Methods and Errors, Acta Radiologica, vol.30, issue.1, pp.69-73, 1989.
DOI : 10.1177/028418518903000116

Y. Hoshino, J. H. Wang, S. Lorenz, F. H. Fu, and S. Tashman, The effect of distal femur bony morphology on in vivo knee translational and rotational kinematics, Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy, vol.69, issue.Suppl 2, pp.1331-1338, 2012.
DOI : 10.1007/s00167-011-1661-3

H. Hotelling, Analysis of complex statistical variables into principal components, Journal of Educational Psychology, pp.417-441, 1933.

G. N. Hounsfield, Potential uses of more accurate CT absorption values by filtering, American Journal of Roentgenology, vol.131, issue.1, pp.103-106, 1978.
DOI : 10.2214/ajr.131.1.103

T. C. Huang, G. Zhang, T. Guerrero, G. Starkschall, K. P. Lin et al., Semi-automated CT segmentation using optic flow and Fourier interpolation techniques, Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine, vol.84, issue.2-3, pp.124-134, 2006.
DOI : 10.1016/j.cmpb.2006.09.003

W. Huda, Radiation Doses and Risks in Chest Computed Tomography Examinations, Proceedings of the American Thoracic Society, vol.4, issue.4, pp.316-320, 2007.
DOI : 10.1513/pats.200611-172HT

W. Huda and F. A. Mettler, Volume CT Dose Index and Dose-Length Product Displayed during CT: What Good Are They?, Radiology, vol.258, issue.1, pp.236-242, 2011.
DOI : 10.1148/radiol.10100297

L. Humbert, Contribution à l'automatisation du traitement des radiographies du système ostéoarticulaire pour la modélisation géométrique et l'analyse clinique, 2008.

L. Humbert, J. A. De-guise, B. Aubert, B. Godbout, and W. Skalli, 3D reconstruction of the spine from biplanar X-rays using parametric models based on transversal and longitudinal inferences, Medical Engineering & Physics, vol.31, issue.6, pp.681-687, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.medengphy.2009.01.003

R. P. Jakob, M. Haertel, and E. Stussi, Tibial torsion calculated by computerised tomography and compared to other methods of measurement, J Bone Joint Surg Br, vol.62, issue.2, pp.238-242, 1980.

S. Kadoury, F. Cheriet, and H. Labelle, Personalized X-Ray 3-D Reconstruction of the Scoliotic Spine From Hybrid Statistical and Image-Based Models, IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, vol.28, issue.9, pp.1422-1435, 2009.
DOI : 10.1109/TMI.2009.2016756

S. Kadoury, F. Cheriet, C. Laporte, and H. Labelle, A versatile 3D reconstruction system of the spine and pelvis for clinical assessment of spinal deformities, Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing, vol.2, issue.6, pp.591-602, 2007.
DOI : 10.1007/s11517-007-0182-1

G. Kalifa, Y. Charpak, C. Maccia, E. Fery-lemonnier, J. Bloch et al., Evaluation of a new low-dose digital X-ray device: first dosimetric and clinical results in children, Pediatric Radiology, vol.28, issue.7, pp.557-561, 1998.
DOI : 10.1007/s002470050413

V. Kilappa, P. Moilanen, L. Xu, P. H. Nicholson, J. Timonen et al., Low-frequency axial ultrasound velocity correlates with bone mineral density and cortical thickness in the radius and tibia in pre- and postmenopausal women, Osteoporosis International, vol.22, issue.1, pp.1103-1113, 2011.
DOI : 10.1007/s00198-010-1273-7

S. Klein, U. A. Van-der-heide, I. M. Lips, M. Van-vulpen, M. Staring et al., Automatic segmentation of the prostate in 3D MR images by atlas matching using localized mutual information, Medical Physics, vol.25, issue.11, pp.1407-1417, 2008.
DOI : 10.1109/TMI.2006.880587

P. Kotsas and T. Dodd, A review of methods of 2D/3D registration World academy of sciences, engineering and technology 59, 2011.

A. Krishnan, L. J. Williams, A. R. Mcintosh, and H. Abdi, Partial Least Squares (PLS) methods for neuroimaging: A tutorial and review, NeuroImage, vol.56, issue.2, pp.455-475, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2010.07.034

E. M. Laasonen, P. Jokio, and T. S. Lindholm, Tibial Torsion Measured by Computed Tomography, Acta Radiologica, vol.25, issue.4, pp.325-329, 1984.
DOI : 10.1177/028418518402500413

S. Laporte, Reconstruction 3D du squelette humain pour la biomécanique par radiographie biplane à dise minimale d'irradiation, 2003.

S. Laporte, W. Skalli, J. A. De-guise, F. Lavaste, and D. Mitton, A Biplanar Reconstruction Method Based on 2D and 3D Contours: Application to the Distal Femur, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, vol.17, issue.1, pp.1-6, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0169-2607(98)00107-2

P. C. Lauterbur, NMR imaging in biomedicine, Cell Biophysics, vol.9, issue.1-2, pp.211-214, 1986.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02797382

F. Lavaste, W. Skalli, S. Robin, R. Roy-camille, and C. Mazel, Three-dimensional geometrical and mechanical modelling of the lumbar spine, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.25, issue.10, pp.1153-1164, 1992.
DOI : 10.1016/0021-9290(92)90071-8

L. Bras, A. , S. Laporte, V. Bousson, D. Mitton et al., 3D reconstruction of the proximal femur with low-dose digital stereoradiography, Computer Aided Surgery, vol.9, issue.3, pp.51-57, 2004.
DOI : 10.1080/10929080400018122

. Skalli, Semi-automated stereoradiographic upper limb 3D reconstructions using a combined parametric and statistical model: a preliminary study, Surg Radiol Anat, vol.34, issue.8, pp.757-765, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00866977

J. L. Lerat, [Indications for the correction of torsion disorders of the lower limbs in the adult], Rev Chir Orthop Reparatrice Appar Mot, vol.68, issue.1, pp.66-70, 1982.

H. C. Lim, J. H. Bae, J. Y. Yoon, S. J. Kim, J. G. Kim et al., Gender differences of the morphology of the distal femur and proximal tibia in a Korean population, The Knee, vol.20, issue.1, pp.26-30, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.knee.2012.05.010

J. A. Maintz, A survey of medical image registration, Medical Image Analysis, vol.2, issue.1, pp.1-36, 1998.
DOI : 10.1016/S1361-8415(01)80026-8

S. Maitra and J. Yan, Principal component analysis and partial least squares: two dimension reduction techniques for regression, 2008.

P. Mansfield, I. L. Pykett, and P. G. Morris, Human whole body line-scan imaging by NMR, The British Journal of Radiology, vol.51, issue.611, pp.921-922, 1978.
DOI : 10.1259/0007-1285-51-611-921

F. Marin, Contribution biomécanique à l'étude de l'articulation fémoro-tibiale pendant la marche in vivo, 2000.

W. F. Massy, Principal Components Regression in Exploratory Statistical Research, Journal of the American Statistical Association, vol.108, issue.309, pp.234-246, 1965.
DOI : 10.1080/01621459.1965.10480787

R. H. Mayers, Classical and modern regressions with applications, 1990.

P. Messmer, G. Long, N. Suhm, P. Regazzoni, and A. L. Jacob, Volumetric Model Determination of the Tibia Based on 2D Radiographs Using a 2D/3D Database, Computer Aided Surgery, vol.11, issue.4, pp.183-194, 2001.
DOI : 10.1016/S1361-8415(99)80020-6

D. Mitton, S. Deschenes, S. Laporte, B. Godbout, S. Bertrand et al., 3D reconstruction of the pelvis from bi-planar radiography, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, vol.212, issue.1, pp.1-5, 2006.
DOI : 10.1007/BF01206346

D. Mitton, C. Landry, S. Veron, W. Skalli, F. Lavaste et al., 3D reconstruction method from biplanar radiography using non-stereocorresponding points and elastic deformable meshes, Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, vol.9, issue.2, pp.133-139, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02344767

A. Mitulescu, J. A. De-guise, J. Dubousset, H. Labelle, C. Adamsbaum et al., Validation of the NSCP technique on scoliotic vertebrae, Stud Health Technol Inform, vol.88, pp.167-171, 2002.

A. Mitulescu, S. Laporte, C. Boulay, J. A. De-guise, and W. Skalli, 3D reconstruction of the pelvis using the NSCP technique, Stud Health Technol Inform, vol.88, pp.177-181, 2002.

A. Mitulescu, I. Semaan, J. A. De-guise, P. Leborgne, C. Adamsbaum et al., Validation of the non-stereo corresponding points stereoradiographic 3D reconstruction technique, Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing, vol.109, issue.2, pp.152-158, 2001.
DOI : 10.1007/BF02344797

J. R. Moreland, L. W. Bassett, and G. J. Hanker, Radiographic analysis of the axial alignment of the lower extremity., The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, vol.69, issue.5, pp.745-749, 1987.
DOI : 10.2106/00004623-198769050-00016

G. Mori, S. Belongie, and J. Malik, Efficient shape matching using shape contexts, IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence, vol.27, issue.11, pp.1832-1837, 2005.
DOI : 10.1109/TPAMI.2005.220

D. C. Moura, J. Boisvert, J. G. Barbosa, H. Labelle, and J. M. Tavares, Fast 3D reconstruction of the spine from biplanar radiographs using a deformable articulated model, Medical Engineering & Physics, vol.33, issue.8, pp.924-933, 2011.
DOI : 10.1016/j.medengphy.2011.03.007

M. Moussa, Rotational malalignment and femoral torsion in osteoarthritic knees with patellofemoral joint involvement. A CT scan study, Clin Orthop Relat Res, issue.304, pp.176-183, 1994.

S. B. Murphy, S. R. Simon, P. K. Kijewski, R. H. Wilkinson, and N. T. Griscom, Femoral anteversion., The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, vol.69, issue.8, pp.1169-1176, 1987.
DOI : 10.2106/00004623-198769080-00010

L. Nodé-langlois, Analyses tridimensionnelles des déviations angulaires des axes du membre inférieur, en pré per et postopératoire, 2003.

F. Odille, J. A. Steeden, V. Muthurangu, and D. Atkinson, Automatic segmentation propagation of the aorta in real-time phase contrast MRI using nonrigid registration, Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging, vol.26, issue.1, pp.232-238, 2011.
DOI : 10.1002/jmri.22402

J. Pajarinen, J. Lindahl, V. Savolainen, O. Michelsson, and E. Hirvensalo, Femoral shaft medialisation and neck-shaft angle in unstable pertrochanteric femoral fractures, International Orthopaedics, vol.28, issue.6, pp.347-353, 2004.
DOI : 10.1007/s00264-004-0590-x

J. S. Park, D. C. Nam, D. H. Kim, H. K. Kim, and S. C. Hwang, Measurement of Knee Morphometrics Using MRI: A Comparative Study between ACL-Injured and Non-Injured Knees, Knee Surgery & Related Research, vol.24, issue.3, pp.180-185, 2012.
DOI : 10.5792/ksrr.2012.24.3.180

M. J. Pearcy, Stereo radiography of lumbar spine motion, Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica, vol.23, issue.sup212, pp.1-45, 1985.
DOI : 10.1097/00007632-198107000-00010

G. Penney, J. Weese, J. Little, P. Desmedt, D. Hill et al., A comparison of similarity measures for use in 2D-3D medical image registration, IEEE Trans Med Imaging, vol.24, issue.2, 1998.
DOI : 10.1118/1.598130

J. P. Pluim, J. A. Maintz, and M. A. Virgever, Mutual-information-based registration of medical images: a survey, IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging, vol.22, issue.8, 2003.
DOI : 10.1109/TMI.2003.815867

V. Pomero, D. Mitton, S. Laporte, J. A. De-guise, and W. Skalli, Fast accurate stereoradiographic 3D-reconstruction of the spine using a combined geometric and statistic model, Clinical Biomechanics, vol.19, issue.3, pp.19-240, 2004.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2003.11.014

E. M. Purcell, Nuclear Magnetism in Relation to Problems of the Liquid and Solid States, Science, vol.107, issue.2783, pp.433-440, 1948.
DOI : 10.1126/science.107.2783.433

E. M. Purcell, Research in Nuclear Magnetism, Science, vol.118, issue.3068, pp.431-436, 1953.
DOI : 10.1126/science.118.3068.431

S. Quijano, A. Serrurier, B. Aubert, S. Laporte, P. Thoreux et al., Three dimensional reconstruction of the lower limbs from biplanar calibrated radiographs (in revision), Medical engineering and physics. Références bibliographiques 118, 2013.

O. Reikeras, A. Hoiseth, and A. Reigstad, Femoral Anteversion Measured by the Dunlap/Rippstein and Norman Methods, Acta Radiologica, vol.26, issue.3, pp.303-305, 1985.
DOI : 10.1177/028418518502600314

V. S. Roshni and K. Revathy, Using mutual information and cross correlation as metrics for registration of images, Journal of applied information technology, 2008.

F. Coste, L. Guillemin, and . Euller-ziegler, Screening for hip and knee osteoarthritis in the general population: predictive value of a questionnaire and prevalence estimates, Ann Rheum Dis, vol.67, issue.10, pp.1406-1411, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00922909

P. J. Rubin, P. F. Leyvraz, J. M. Aubaniac, J. N. Argenson, P. Esteve et al., The morphology of the proximal femur. A three-dimensional radiographic analysis, J Bone Joint Surg Br, vol.74, issue.1, pp.28-32, 1992.

O. Sadowsky, G. Chintalapani, and R. H. Taylor, Deformable 2D-3D Registration of the Pelvis with a Limited Field of View, Using Shape Statistics, Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv, vol.10, issue.2, pp.519-526, 2007.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-540-75759-7_63

S. Schaefer, T. Mcphail, and J. Warren, Image deformation using moving least squares, ACM transactions on graphics, 2006.

S. Seber, B. Hazer, N. Kose, E. Gokturk, I. Gunal et al., Rotational profile of the lower extremity and foot progression angle: computerized tomographic examination of 50 male adults, Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery, vol.120, issue.5-6, pp.5-6, 2000.
DOI : 10.1007/s004020050459

A. Serrurier, E. Jolivet, S. Quijano, P. Thoreux, and W. Skalli, Distribution and variability study of the femur cortical thickness from computer tomography, Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering, vol.169, issue.1, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.media.2008.12.003

A. Serrurier, S. Quijano, R. Nizard, and W. Skalli, Robust femur condyle disambiguation on biplanar X-rays, Medical Engineering & Physics, vol.34, issue.10, pp.1433-1440, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.medengphy.2012.01.008

W. Skalli, L. Humbert, D. Mitton, J. Dubousset, J. De-guise et al., Method for reconstruction of a Three-Dimensional model of an Osteo-Articular Structure, 2007.

J. Staal, B. Van-ginneken, and M. A. Viergever, Automatic rib segmentation and labeling in computed tomography scans using a general framework for detection, recognition and segmentation of objects in volumetric data, Medical Image Analysis, vol.11, issue.1, pp.35-46, 2007.
DOI : 10.1016/j.media.2006.10.001

I. Sudhöff, Modélisation géométrique et mécanique personnalisée de l'appareil locomoteur, 2007.

N. Sugano, P. C. Noble, and E. Kamaric, A Comparison of Alternative Methods of Measuring Femoral Anteversion, Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography, vol.22, issue.4, pp.610-614, 1998.
DOI : 10.1097/00004728-199807000-00019

P. Than, K. Szuper, S. Somoskeoy, V. Warta, and T. Illes, Geometrical values of the normal and arthritic hip and knee detected with the EOS imaging system, International Orthopaedics, vol.52, issue.6, pp.361291-1297, 2012.
DOI : 10.1007/s00264-011-1403-7

T. P. Tian, Y. Chen, W. K. Leow, W. Hsu, T. S. Howe et al., Computing Neck-Shaft Angle of Femur for X-Ray Fracture Detection, Proc. Int. Conf. on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns, pp.82-89, 2003.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-540-45179-2_11

F. Trochu, A contouring program based on dual kriging interpolation, Engineering with Computers, vol.79, issue.2, pp.160-177, 1993.
DOI : 10.1007/BF01206346

I. M. Van-der-bom, S. Klein, M. Staring, R. Homan, L. W. Bartels et al., Evaluation of optimization methods for 2D-3D registration in x-ray guided interventions, SPIE proceedings, 2011.

S. Veron, Modélisation géométrique et mécanique tridimensionelle par éléments finis du rachis cervical supérieur, 1997.

. Web, Anat 1, R. from www.anatomie-humaine

H. Wold, Estimation of principal components and related models by iterative least squares. Multivariate analysis, P. R. Krishnaiah, pp.34-51, 1966.

G. Wu, S. Siegler, P. Allard, C. Kirtley, A. Leardini et al., ISB recommendation on definitions of joint coordinate system of various joints for the reporting of human joint motion???part I: ankle, hip, and spine, Journal of Biomechanics, vol.35, issue.4, pp.543-548, 2002.
DOI : 10.1016/S0021-9290(01)00222-6

O. Yeniay and A. Goktas, A comparison of partial least squares regressions with other predictive methods, Journal of mathematics and statistics, vol.31, pp.99-111, 2002.

F. Yokota, T. Okada, M. Takao, N. Sugano, Y. Tada et al., Automated Segmentation of the Femur and Pelvis from 3D CT Data of Diseased Hip Using Hierarchical Statistical Shape Model of Joint Structure, Med Image Comput Comput Assist Interv, vol.12, issue.2, pp.811-818, 2009.
DOI : 10.1007/978-3-642-04271-3_98

Y. Yoshioka, D. Siu, and T. D. Cooke, The anatomy and functional axes of the femur., The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery, vol.69, issue.6, pp.873-880, 1987.
DOI : 10.2106/00004623-198769060-00012

G. Zheng, S. Gollmer, S. Schumann, X. Dong, T. Feilkas et al., A 2D/3D correspondence building method for reconstruction of a patient-specific 3D bone surface model using point distribution models and calibrated X-ray images, Medical Image Analysis, vol.13, issue.6, pp.883-899, 2009.
DOI : 10.1016/j.media.2008.12.003

B. Zitova and J. Flusser, Image registration methods: a survey, Image and Vision Computing, vol.21, issue.11, pp.977-1000, 2003.
DOI : 10.1016/S0262-8856(03)00137-9