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Theses

Interconnexion des réseaux logistiques : éléments de définition et potentiel

Abstract : Logistics networks intensely use transportation means and storage facilities to respond to ‎supply chain's demands. However, these networks are overwhelmingly dedicated to an actor ‎and are therefore poorly interconnected. This fragmentation explains the lack of consolidation ‎and thus efficiency. To cope with the seeming antagonism between atomized freight and the ‎objective of the European Commission to drastically reduce CO2 emissions, a major ‎improvement in supply networks is sought. We propose then to interconnect ‎logistics networks ‎like the Digital Internet did with computer networks. The first objective of this thesis is to ‎contribute to the definition of the first key elements of logistics networks interconnection‎. To this ‎purpose, ‎we explore the possible transpositions between computer networks, in ‎particular ‎Internet, and ‎logistic networks. In fact, there are strong similarities between these ‎networks in ‎spite of the basic differences in the type of objects.Beyond Physical Internet concepts and proposed methods, no demonstration of the potential of ‎interconnected logistics networks has been carried out. This is precisely the second objective of ‎this work to assess the associated stakes. To reach this goal, we use a set of actual flows from ‎the Fast Moving Consumer Goods sector (FMCG) in France. Various transportation protocols ‎and scenarios are tested, revealing encouraging with gains in CO2 emissions, cost, and so ‎forth. As this is a first work in the field of interconnected logistics networks, the simulation ‎model suggests many further research avenues.
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Rochdi Sarraj. Interconnexion des réseaux logistiques : éléments de définition et potentiel. Economies et finances. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ENMP0009⟩. ⟨pastel-00871048⟩

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