Impact des colloïdes sur le transport de l'Uranium appliqué à la nappe phréatique du Centre de stockage FMA de l'Aube

Abstract : The presence of colloids, known vectors of radionuclides and chemical contaminants in groundwater, has been identified in groundwater at the Aube radioactive waste disposal in 2004. This thesis aims to characterize these colloids, and to determine their potential impact in the transport of Uranium, chosen as the element of interest for this study. The identified 60 nm in diameter clay colloids and the fulvic and humic acids can move in Aptian groundwater, as indirectly evidenced by column experiments. A feasibility study of a in situ test has been done through a transport modeling to confirm the colloid mobility at the field scale. Using the conditions of the study, the clay colloids do not influence Uranium transport. Even with the greatest concentration assumed on site, they have a very limited impact on the mobilization of Uranium, in the pH range measured on site. On the contrary, the organic colloids, despite their low concentration, can facilitate Uranium transport, the uranyl - organic acid chemical bond being exceptionally strong. Therefore their low concentration in groundwater makes their impact on uranium mobility equally insignificant
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P. Le Cointe. Impact des colloïdes sur le transport de l'Uranium appliqué à la nappe phréatique du Centre de stockage FMA de l'Aube. Sciences de l'environnement. École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2011. Français. ⟨pastel-00878341⟩

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