Les protéines à ancre GPI de Candida albicans dans l’interaction avec l’hôte : de l’étude de domaines solubles à la caractérisation de la protéine Rbt1

Abstract : C. albicans is an opportunistic pathogen present as commensal in 75% of the population. This is the first fungal pathogen (4th cause of nosocomial infections) responsible for superficial infections in immunocompetent patients or deep infections in immunocompromised patients. C. albicans GPI-anchored proteins (Glycosyl Phosphatidyl Inositol) present at the interface between the yeast and the host cells appear to be the proteins most capable of modulating the immune response. In this study, a library overexpressing and secreting twenty fonctionnal domains from GPI-anchored proteins potentially exposed to the surface was constructed. We identified seven polypeptides involved in the modulation of the macrophage response and three polypeptides with immunogenic properties. In a second project, we demonstrated the properties of the hyphae specific GPI-anchored protein Rbt1 in adhesion, biofilm formation and aggregation. The characterization of this protein gives us new data on surface exposure of membrane proteins depending to C. albicans morphological state.
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Céline Monniot. Les protéines à ancre GPI de Candida albicans dans l’interaction avec l’hôte : de l’étude de domaines solubles à la caractérisation de la protéine Rbt1. Sciences agricoles. AgroParisTech, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012AGPT0075⟩. ⟨pastel-00925684⟩

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