Commande hybride position/force robuste d’un robot manipulateur utilisé en usinageet/ou en soudage

Abstract : The problem addressed in this thesis concerns the control of industrial robot manipulators which are slightly flexible and used for machining and FSW processes. The first objective is to model the robots and processes. The developed models concern the kinematics and dynamics models of 6-axis robots with serial architecture and flexibility localized at joints. The dynamic model parameters and a part of the joint stiffnesses are identified with the approach of output error which gives a satisfy estimation accuracy. According to identification, the RMS residue of the model is 3.2%. The second objective is to improve the robotization performance of manufacturing processes. A simulator was developed that contains the dynamic model of the flexible robot, the process models and the model of the robot controller including control laws in real time of axes and the trajectory generator. A nonlinear high-gains observer is proposed to estimate the complete states of robot system as well as the operation wrenches. Then the observer-based compensator is proposed to correct the positioning errors in real time. The experimental validation of industrial robots shows a satisfactory estimating performance of the observer. A precise FSW welding owing to the real-time compensation for the flexibility of manipulator has been done successfully.
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Jinna Qin. Commande hybride position/force robuste d’un robot manipulateur utilisé en usinageet/ou en soudage. Autre. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ENAM0058⟩. ⟨pastel-00940035⟩

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