Modélisation du vieillissement thermique et mécanique d’une protection externe en EPDM de jonctions rétractables à froid

Abstract : The aim of this work is to study the consequences of the thermal oxidation on the chemical structure and mechanical behavior of an Ethylene-Propylene-Diene Monomer (EPDM). In order to determine the structural changes at different scales, four model formulations have been considered: free additive gum, stabilized and unstabilized vulcanized matrix and industrial rubber. All samples were aged between 70 and 170°C in air or vacuum and characterized by several analytical tools. Thermogravimetry gives access to weight variations due to oxygen grafting and volatile compounds release. Infrared analysis is used to follow chemical species evolutions. Swelling tests, chromatographic and mechanical spectrometry tests allow calculating the number of chain scission and cross-linking events at any time. Based on these results, a general kinetic model is proposed and partially validated for EPDM matrix thermal oxidation. The consequences of thermal ageing on the mechanical behavior of the industrial rubber are pointed out by monotonic tensile and stress relaxation tests at room temperature and a 10-3 s-1- initial strain rate. The impact of thermal ageing on ultimate properties and equilibrium and non-equilibrium response are examined. Finally, the coupling between thermal ageing and mechanical stress is studied by continuous stress relaxation tests between 130 et 170°C in air. The microstructural modifications during thermal ageing are introduced into the constitutive equations of the macroscopic mechanical model in order to propose a predictif tool of the long time behavior of the industrial rubber. The numerical simulation is in good agreement with experimental results.
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Mouna Ben Hassine. Modélisation du vieillissement thermique et mécanique d’une protection externe en EPDM de jonctions rétractables à froid. Autre. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ENAM0048⟩. ⟨pastel-00941411⟩

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