Modélisation du fonctionnement hydrologique du sol et de la biodiversité des communautés végétales. Application à l'analyse de la performance écologique d'un aménagement paysager autoroutier.

Abstract : Human activities are responsible for high modifications in ecosystems functioning. It is recognized that these impacts cause definitive and high losses rate of biodiversity in every components of wildlife. Due to regulation, construction companies are bound to evaluate environmental impacts of the infrastructure construction projects (eg: roads), and more particularly, impacts on biodiversity. Companies are also bound to propose measures to avoid, reduce or mitigate residuals impacts by the creation or restoration planning of biodiversity. Unfortunately, there are not existing tools and methods clearly defined by regulation for such plans. Most of the time, predictions and environmental evaluations fail in measuring the impacts on biodiversity and efficiency of conservation planning. The research program that we conducted aimed at (i) proposing a new methodological approach in order to characterise processes and abiotic parameters which impact biodiversity of plant communities, (ii) analysing conservatory plans efficiency and (iii) proposing measures for biodiversity valuation in our study case. Our study was realised in a landscaping project zone along the A19 highway, Loiret, France. Seedling and planting were done two years before our study began. Only hydrological processes were studied based on mechanistic modelling using Hydrus-1D software. Last and final summary in the thesis.
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Flavie Mayrand. Modélisation du fonctionnement hydrologique du sol et de la biodiversité des communautés végétales. Application à l'analyse de la performance écologique d'un aménagement paysager autoroutier.. Sciences agricoles. AgroParisTech, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012AGPT0086⟩. ⟨pastel-00948342v2⟩

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