Land use conflicts in developing countries : framing conflict resolution and prevention strategies to ensure economic growth and human welfare. The case of Chotiari water reservoir from Pakistan

Abstract : This research discusses the tools of land use conflict analysis and methods for their prevention and management, on the basis of existing conflicts created by infrastructural projects in developing countries. Such conflicts have entailed expropriation of homes, farm businesses and other productive resources in rural settings. Specifically, we use data from the case of Chotiari water reservoir project in Pakistan, where we put stress on project impacts on socio-economic and natural resource values in the region, by highlighting root causes of the conflicts with response to land use decision. We also paid attention on the network of actors over land use and property right violation, which have created dissimilar power distribution and significant land use conflicts. Through this research we show that conflicts created by the project have resulted from structural factors (unilateral decision, lack of technical and scientific investigation, corruption, international interest, and non-existence of national resettlement policy) and proximate factors (nepotism, ethnic diversity/disarray, and illiteracy). Moreover, forceful displacement of local population has led for multiplication of the confrontations. From these results, we provide helpful insights and information for the recommendations in terms of land use conflict prevention and management, mainly based on proximity relations analysis.
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Habibullah Magsi. Land use conflicts in developing countries : framing conflict resolution and prevention strategies to ensure economic growth and human welfare. The case of Chotiari water reservoir from Pakistan. Economics and Finance. AgroParisTech, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013AGPT0027⟩. ⟨pastel-00949960⟩

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