Optimisation métallurgique du superalliage à base de Nickel 718Plus

Abstract : Nickel base superalloys are used to manufacture many high temperature parts of aeronautical turboengines like turbine disks. The Inconel 718 superalloy is commonly used because it associates good mechanical properties until 650°C with a moderate cost. In the beginning of the 2000’s, ATI Allvac has developed a new nickel base superalloy to compete with the Inconel 718. This new superalloy, called ATI 718Plus, promises better mechanical properties than those of Inconel 718 for a use up to 700°C. To obtain such good mechanical properties, the chemical composition of the alloy ATI 718Plus has been designed by ATI Allvac to obtain the !’ intragranular phase as the strengthening phase, and the " intergranular phase like in the Inconel 718. The objective of the study is first to understand the microstructure of the alloy. For that reason, SEM and TEM analyses were performed on a large number of samples, treated at various temperatures and for different times, to identify the crystallographic and chemical nature and the precipitation kinetic of the phases present in the alloy. In a second time, the study has consisted in characterizing the microstructure and the mechanical properties of the alloy ATI 718Plus, forged according to nine different thermomechanical treatments. Then, the study has permitted to test three thermomechanical treatments, wich parameters we have determined according to the previous results, to optimize the microstructure in order to improve alloy mechanical properties. Strength tests performed on various microstructures and several temperatures also permitted to characterize the alloy ATI 718Plus sensitivity to Portevin-Le Chatelier effect.
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Meriadeg Revaud. Optimisation métallurgique du superalliage à base de Nickel 718Plus. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ENMP0048⟩. ⟨pastel-00957905⟩

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