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Influence des propriétés optiques et de l'endommagement de barrières thermiques EB-PVD pour la mesure d'adhérence par choc laser LASAT-2D

Abstract : EB-PVD thermal barrier coatings used in aircraft turbines are subjected to extreme conditions that lead to their spallation. To ensure the integrity of the parts, it's necessary to prevent coating damages. In order to understand and reproduce their evolution in a turbine, current thermal barrier coatings are subjected to long thermal cycling. The LASAT is a rapid adhesion test that could complement the thermal cycling. The laser pulse applied to the AM1 face generates a compressive shock wave which propagates towards the free surface of the zirconia. The reflection of this wave generates a tensile shock wave which can damage the interface and create a white spot in zirconia top coat. To determine the potential of the test, a wide range of samples with different superalloy orientations, bondcoat preparations, zirconia microstructures and thermal aging were used. Characterizations were carrying out to classify and compare their evolution and their damage by thermal cycling or LASAT. The size of interfacial cracks by non-destructive tests was achieved by piezospectroscopie maps associated with the fluorescent temporal signal, by profilometry and from the white spot. A simple and innovative approach by optimizing the optical behavior of zirconia is developed. These results highlight the role of 2D waves and allow the realization of the testLASAT-2D. Here, it is not the appearance of the crack that is looking for, but its size, which can directly inform about the mechanical adhesion from a single laser shock. Numerical modeling has confirmed the influence of 2D shock waves and their potential using LASAT-2D charts. These curves are used to distinguishdifferent preparations of thermal barrier coatings as produced and after thermal aging. A complete protocol is thus provided for monitoring, measuring and determine the interface strength of thermal barrier coatingson industrial specimens. On further testing, LASAT-2D was applied directly on the coating of specimens and industrial parts. The same results as for the 2D-LASAT developed in this thesis are observed. This allows the prospect of the application of this test and the methodology on complex and closed shapes, suchas turbine blades.
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Grégory Fabre. Influence des propriétés optiques et de l'endommagement de barrières thermiques EB-PVD pour la mesure d'adhérence par choc laser LASAT-2D. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ENMP0066⟩. ⟨pastel-00963742⟩



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