Pour l'évaluation des modifications des caractéristiques d'un système dynamique

Abstract : Modification of modal parameters is considered the main tool for the evaluation of characteristic changes of a non stationary dynamic system. Therefore, our first interest is to obtain these modal parameters from vibration measures using identification methods. Three methods are discussed here: Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD), Singular Value Decomposition (SVD) and Smooth Orthogonal Decomposition (SOD). Then, in order to evaluate the mass changes in non stationary systems, three steps are proposed: instant localization of mass changes (step 1), determination of geometrical location of the mass changes (step 2) and quantification of mass changes (step 3). The Wavelet transform (WT), considered to be a time-frequency analysis, is indented in step 1. In step 2, three methods for the detection of the position of the mass changes are developed. Finally, the relative variation of the natural frequencies of the system is used to evaluate the relative variation of the mass in step 3. The efficiency of these methods is verified by numerical tests. Moreover a building experimental model, instrumented with accelerometers, is studied in the case of after-shock vibrations. These experimental tests permit to validate the methods proposed in this thesis
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Rana Elias. Pour l'évaluation des modifications des caractéristiques d'un système dynamique. Autre. Université Paris-Est, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PEST1107⟩. ⟨pastel-00964327⟩

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