Modélisation d'éléments de structure en béton armé renforcés par collage de PRF : application à la rupture de type peeling-off

Abstract : Strengthening of structures by bonding FRP plates (fiber reinforced polymer) is a technique currently recognized and used worldwide. This method is a viable solution to costly replacement of deteriorating structures and increases the life of reinforced structures. The first part of this doctoral work focuses on the strengthening of reinforced concrete beams with FRP plates and more precisely on a premature failure caused by this type of reinforcement called peeling-off or concrete cover separation. This brittle failure mode which prevents the strengthened RC beams from attaining their ultimate flexural capacity involves the tearing-off of the concrete cover along the level of tension steel reinforcement starting from a plate end. The first step for a successful, safe and economic design of flexural strengthening using FRP composite at the bottom of the beam is then to predict such failure and to take it into account in design. A reliable numerical model analysis which is validated by test results is first presented to predict ultimate loading capacity and the failure mode of RC beams in a four-point bending setup. The main parameters affecting the efficiency of the reinforcement are then highlighted in a parametric study. The results of this study are compared with test results in the literature demonstrating the efficiency of the proposed model. Finally, several measures are proposed to improve the performance of the strengthening and in order to avoid the premature rupture of peeling-off. The second part of this work is concerned with the strengthening study of a bridge deck subject to eventual loads generated by a car crash into a safety barrier. A series of equivalent impact tests is first performed on deck slabs. A numerical model inspired by the previously proposed model for RC beams is then presented. Comparisons between the predictions of the numerical model and test results show a good agreement before the major cracking of the slab. Finally, the results highlight the efficiency of FRP plates in the case of safety guardrails
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Sahar Radfar. Modélisation d'éléments de structure en béton armé renforcés par collage de PRF : application à la rupture de type peeling-off. Autre. Université Paris-Est, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PEST1181⟩. ⟨pastel-00981545⟩

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