L'éthique de l'entreprise peut-elle constituer un objectif managérial pertinent ? La formalisation de l'éthique dans l'entreprise : la confusion du vrai et du bien

Abstract : The pursuit of ethics as an objective obliges management to seek means of improving it while, in articulating this process with the general objectives of the firm, including those ethics oriented to draw benefits. Our research reveals the difficulty, usually downplayed, to anticipate the influence of ethics on the players. It stresses that the explicit contradictions that characterize the different theoretical approaches of this field aren't expressed by processes clearly dissimilar. The first part of the study proposes a theoretical frame. In the literature, ethics is understood as an intermediate objective that determines economic success, and gives relevance to the managerial processes it implies. In an other antagonistic paradigm the ethics of the firm is necessarily a finality. Improving ethics means reducing the array of actions that can be accepted. Ethics is independent of economic success. The assumption that different strategies of firms lay on these two bases of logic constitutes the foundation of our field work. In this, we attempt to verify that these approaches are in power. The second part, empirical in nature, comprises two case studies. In the former, a company is studied as it is in the process of implementing a code of ethics following the acquisition of a competitor. Ethics is never wanted for itself but only for his alleged effects on the compatibility between actions of the members of the firm and, therefore, economical success. The latter consisted of an organization in the specific period wherein an ethical dilemma was identified. It appears that ethics drives actors to compose responses in situ and that the risk is the reduction of control that organizations exert on their members
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Pierre Kletz. L'éthique de l'entreprise peut-elle constituer un objectif managérial pertinent ? La formalisation de l'éthique dans l'entreprise : la confusion du vrai et du bien. Gestion et management. HEC PARIS, 1997. Français. ⟨NNT : 1997EHEC0052⟩. ⟨pastel-00994802⟩

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