La création d'une micro-culture mobilisatrice dans l'entreprise française. Analyse comparative des modes d'organisation sociale entre une filiale d'entreprise américaine et une entreprise française

Abstract : The preeminent French industrial democracy is now compelled to change faced with not only the fierce international competition but also with the new dimensions of cooperative management ion organizations. To cope with these turbulences, we focused our research on the renewment of "tradition power relations" between the hierarchy and the unions with a hypothesis that the solutions for effectiveness are not extra-organizational but intra-organizational with two alternatives: 1) the rationalization of hierarchical system 2) the mobilization of human resources. To reply to our problematics, we have compared two companies, one has an American type of management and the other has a French type of management. In the American company, the logic of rationalization implies that the power games are processed to reinforce the organizational performance; while, in the French company, the organization power is reduced to a zero - sum game between the hierarchy and the unions, where the actors seeks more to increase their power than to contribute to the organizational performance and the intervention of unions are not in tune with the workers' aspirations. We have noted that the French company's organizational effectiveness is weakened principally by the absence of actors' will for change; the weak hierarchical system; and by the lack of actors' power in social organization. Given that the rationalization is the base of mobilization, we first suggest to integrate the organizational power by applying the logic of rationalization and secondly, to diversify the organizational power by institutionalizing the participative "third power" of mobilization (integration and differentiation of organizational power
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Kichan Park. La création d'une micro-culture mobilisatrice dans l'entreprise française. Analyse comparative des modes d'organisation sociale entre une filiale d'entreprise américaine et une entreprise française. Gestion et management. HEC PARIS, 1987. Français. ⟨NNT : 1987EHEC0004⟩. ⟨pastel-00995283⟩

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