Étude expérimentale quantitative de la solidification de l'inconel 718 en fonderie

Abstract : The metallic alloy “Inconel 718” is frequently found in aerospace and aeronautic components. In this study, it is used in the case of the main engine turbopump of the Ariane 5 launcher. This case is obtained by investment casting. Thereby, a great focus is turned on as cast defect like detrimental interdendritic phase. For example, the Laves phase, about 1%, has poor mechanicals characteristics. Several samples was cast under vacuum at MINES ParisTech Cemef. Various superheat and cooling rate are tested. After specific preparation, the microstructure was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). On a surface representative of solidification phenomenon, the NbC phase, the Laves phase and the Delta phase were quantified and chemical segregation measurements were performed. The results give a tendency of the detrimental phases to form at the grain boundaries. This phenomenon is stronger as the cooling speed is lower. Furthermore, the grains boundaries disorientations as an impact. This experimental information is used to model the sample solidification at three different scales. At the macroscopic scale with Thercast software, at an intermediate scale whit the simulation of the grain structure. These simulations were performed whit a model developed at Mines Paristech, CEMEF. The last scale is the simulation of the microsegregation. This model takes into account thermodynamic equilibrium, cooling rate and microstructure geometries. This numerical work improved the comprehension of the solidification phenomenon. A global solidification simulation of industrial piece is the aim of Cnes (French space agency) and Snecma who support this work.
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Alexis Pautrat. Étude expérimentale quantitative de la solidification de l'inconel 718 en fonderie. Autre. Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013ENMP0082⟩. ⟨pastel-00998532⟩

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