Modélisation et caractérisation de sources optiques pour les réseaux d'accès et métropolitains

Abstract : Today, new higher-speed, low cost and low consumption optical sources are becoming a necessity for the deployment of access and metropolitan networks.The aim of this thesis is to study experimentally and by simulation two techniques in order to combat the chromatic dispersion effects through the chirp engineering of the source. The first technique concerns directly modulated DFB (Distributed FeedBack) lasers. First, a complete and flexible model of a DFB laser developed during the thesis has been used to confirm the experimental study of the facet phase effect on the chirp behavior. The results showed the existence of two laser’s families according to the position of the lasing mode with respect to the bandgap. Second, a theoretical and experimental study showed the chirp stabilization and control of DFB lasers due to the presence of a well adjusted external optical feedback.The second technique concerns the dual modulation concept of integrated modulated laser (D-EML : Dual Electroabsorption Modulated Laser) exploiting the adjustment of the chirp resulting from the juxtaposition of the frequency modulation applied to the laser and the intensity modulation applied to the modulator. Experimental and theoretical evalutation of D-EML performances has proven its compatibitlity with high bit-rates (20, 25 and 40 Gb/s) and its effectiveness with respect to the simple modulation of the EAM (Electroabsorption Modulator).
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Khalil Kechaou. Modélisation et caractérisation de sources optiques pour les réseaux d'accès et métropolitains. Autre. Télécom ParisTech, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012ENST0074⟩. ⟨pastel-00998832⟩

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