Plasmas Lasers et Champs Magnétiques

B. Albertazzi 1, 2
2 Sprint
LULI - Laboratoire pour l'utilisation des lasers intenses
Abstract : We studied the coupling between a laser produced plasmas and a magnetic field in two cases: 1) in the context of Inertiel Fusion Confinement (ICF), we first studied how magnetic fields are self generated during the interaction between a target and a laser, then 2) to progress in the understanding of the large-scale shaping of astrophysical jets, we studied the influence of an externally applied magnetic field on the dynamics of a laser-produced plasma expanding into vacuum. The first part of this thesis is thus dedicated to a numerical and experimental study of the self generated magnetic fields that are produced following the irradiation of a solid target by a high power laser (having pulse duration in the nanosecond and picosecond regimes). These fields play an important role in the frame of ICF since they influence the dynamics of the electrons produced during the laser-matter interaction, and thus condition the success of ICF experiments. The second part of this thesis is a numerical and experimental study of the influence of an externally applied magnetic field on the morphology of a laser produced plasma freely otherwise expanding into vacuum. This work aims at better understanding the observed large-scale collimation of astrophysical jets which cannot be understood in the frame of existing models. We notably show that show that a purely axial magnetic field can force an initially isotropic laboratory flow, scaled to be representative of a flow emerging from a Young Star Object, in a recollimation shock, from which emerges a narrow, well collimated jet. We also show that the plasma heating induced at the recollimation point could explain the "puzzling" observations of stationary X ray emission zones embedded within astrophysical jets.
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B. Albertazzi. Plasmas Lasers et Champs Magnétiques. Physique des plasmas [physics.plasm-ph]. Ecole Polytechnique X; et Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique du Canada, 2014. Français. ⟨pastel-01001881⟩

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