Conception biologique complexe : Planification et modèles d'affaires. Le cas du clonage équin.

Abstract : Life sciences noticed important technological developments during the last decades. Some promising examples, developed in the 90's and 2000's, were mammals cloning, animal and vegetal transgenesis and the therapeutic stem cells. The specialized literature of the life science domain is rich on technical-experimental publications and despite the technical difficulty still present, the authors are optimistic about their commercial issue. These technological advances induced the emergence of a new life science industry where the companies are knowledge intensive and highly specialised. Despite the innovative character and the development of a new market of high added value, the companies of this sector often face economic difficulties. We analysed this recent industry under the managerial point of view aiming to understand the difficulties presented to the managers. Little concern about these problems is available in the specialised literature. In general the technologies are treated individually as an almost unique entity. Under this context it is currently impossible to develop a general overview enabling to study general aspects of this industry. In this aim we proceeded to design a generical model that could allow discussing the managerial characteristics of the industry. This designing effort was necessary to understand the general difficulties met by the companies specialised in these recent technologies. Thereafter the concept can be used to propose managerial improvements. The C-K Theory was employed to structure and translate available information in order to make them available for the design of the model. The data was collected under a case study methodology, as described by Eisenhardt (1989). The existence of a rich panel of recent technologies in this domain justifies the need to develop the concept from a unique extreme case, especially affected by managerial difficulties: the case of the equine cloning. Last and final summary in the thesis.
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Alline de Paula Reis. Conception biologique complexe : Planification et modèles d'affaires. Le cas du clonage équin.. Alimentation et Nutrition. AgroParisTech, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013AGPT0076⟩. ⟨pastel-01017382⟩

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