Sustaining the supply of multiple ecosystem services : An analysis based on the simulation of the joint production of wood and non-wood goods in forests

Abstract : Ecosystems provide numerous goods and services to human beings. However, the intensive use of natural resources has impacted the functioning of ecosystems and reduced their production capacities. In this context, societies and individuals are giving increasing importance to environmental services (ES). To capture the values of ESs and to ensure their sustainable provision, payment mechanisms to offset the reduction in ES provision have been elaborated.These include projects such as REDD+, the European carbon market or national rules concerning compensation for biodiversity losses. Due to the jointness in ES production, single purpose offset mechanisms can either threaten or create opportunities to increase other services which do not have an explicit monetary value. To be effective, managers and decision makers need detailed information on the links between ESs. To increase the knowledge of the simultaneous production of multiple ESs, this thesis proposes a methodology based on simulations of the joint production of wood and non-wood goods in forests. Estimations of opportunity costs derived from the analysis provide information on ES gains and losses when forest owners are asked to increase one service.
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Nicolas Robert. Sustaining the supply of multiple ecosystem services : An analysis based on the simulation of the joint production of wood and non-wood goods in forests. Silviculture, forestry. AgroParisTech, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013AGPT0005⟩. ⟨pastel-01058410⟩

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