Development and explicit integration of a thermo-mechanical model for saturated clays

Abstract : This study is devoted to the thermo-mechanical constitutive modeling for saturated stiff clays and the development of a corresponding efficient stress integration algorithm. The mechanical behavior of natural Boom Clay in isothermal conditions was first characterized. The Modified Cam Clay model (MCC) was then applied to simulate the natural Boom Clay behavior. It has been found that the MCC gives poor-quality predictions of the natural Boom Clay behavior. Thereby, an adapted Cam Clay model (ACC-2) was developed by introducing a new yield surface and a new plastic potential as well as a Two-surface plastic mechanism. This model allows satisfactory prediction of the main features of the mechanical behavior of natural Boom Clay. Moreover, the constitutive equations of this model can be formulated mathematically as in a classic elasto-plastic model. Thus, the classic stress integration algorithm can be applied. The thermal effects were considered by assessing the performance of some advanced thermo-mechanical models (Cui et al., 2000; Abuel-Naga et al., 2007; Laloui and François, 2008; 2009). It appears that all the three models can capture the main features of the thermo-mechanical behavior of saturated clays. However, each constitutive model has its own limitations or unclear points from the theoretical point of view. The stress integration algorithm of the thermo-mechanical model proposed by Cui et al. (2000) at the stress point level was also developed using a specifically designed adaptive time-stepping scheme. The computation time required to achieve a given accuracy is largely reduced with the adaptive sub-stepping considered for both mechanical and thermal loadings. A Two-surface thermo-mechanical model (TEAM model) was developed based on the Two-surface plastic mechanism. The proposed model extends the model of Cui et al. (2000) to a Two-surface formulation, considering the plastic strain coupling between the thermal and the mechanical loading paths. The simulation of drained tests shows that this model can capture the main thermo-mechanical features of natural Boom Clay along different loading paths. The TEAM model was finally extended to undrained conditions. After setting up an appropriate effective stress principle and defining a volumetric strain condition, the undrained heating process was analyzed. The validity of the thermo-hydro-mechanical constitutive equations was examined based on the data from typical tests
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Peng-Yun Hong. Development and explicit integration of a thermo-mechanical model for saturated clays. Materials and structures in mechanics [physics.class-ph]. Université Paris-Est, 2013. English. ⟨NNT : 2013PEST1028⟩. ⟨pastel-01058617⟩

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