Amélioration des performances énergétiques des systèmes de refroidissement industriels : Application aux serveurs informatiques

Abstract : The present work is about industrial thermal control systems issues, a focus is done on IT servers cooling. The first part of this document is about cooling techniques optimization. The second part concerns investigations for new cooling techniques potentially more efficient and which can address today's challenges of industrial thermal control systems. In the first chapter, we have done a literature survey and a theoretical analysis of physical phenomena behind studied cooling techniques. Then, we have sorted those techniques according to some criteria. This chapter is a basis for optimization studies we have achieved in the second chapter and for our new cooling techniques investigations in the two last chapters. In the second chapter, we have presented a study about heat transfer enhancement in a cold plate developed for IT servers liquid-cooling. We have observed great heat transfer enhancement when adding lozenge shaped fins inside the cold plate channels. No gain was noted when using some nanofluids as heat transfer liquids. We have shown, in the third chapter, a conception algorithm of a heat spreading device destined for IT servers cooling. The heat spreader is based on a heatpipe technology. First of all, we have presented the thermohydraulic model for cylindrical heatpipes design. A parametric study (geometric, working fluids ...) showed the best combination to obtain the highest heatpipe performance. Then, the heat spreader has been tested and we have validated partially the heatpipe model. The last chapter of this work is a study of a demonstrator destined for cooling down electronic components by immersion in a dielectric fluid with a low saturation temperature. We first built a numerical model to design the demonstrator and then it has been tested. The first results are very encouraging, when using SES-36 as a working fluid.Keywords : modeling, heat transfer, cooling, datacenter, liquid-cooling, heat pipes, heat exchangers, nanofluids, pool boiling, numerical simulation
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 10, 2014 - 11:42:16 AM
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Amrid Mammeri. Amélioration des performances énergétiques des systèmes de refroidissement industriels : Application aux serveurs informatiques. Sciences de l'ingénieur [physics]. Ecole nationale supérieure d'arts et métiers - ENSAM, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ENAM0014⟩. ⟨pastel-01062670⟩

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