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ROLE DE L'AVERSION GUSTATIVE CONDITIONNEE ET DE LA SATIETE DANS LA DEPRESSION DE LA PRISE ENERGETIQUE INDUITE PAR LES REGIMES HYPERPROTEIQUES CHEZ LE RAT

Ahmed Bensaid
Abstract : IN ORDER TO DETERMINE THE RESPECTIVE ROLES OF CONDITIONED FOOD AVERSION, SATIETY AND PALATABILITY, WE STUDIED BEHAVIORAL RESPONSES OF RATS FED HIGH PROTEIN DIETS (50%) CONTAINING EITHER TOTAL MILK PROTEIN OR WHEAT GLUTEN OR SOYA PROTEIN, COMPARED WITH THOSE TO A NORMAL PROTEIN DIET CONTAINING 14% TOTAL MILK PROTEIN. DIFFERENT PARADIGMS WERE USED, INCLUDING MEAL PATTERN ANALYSIS, TWO CHOICE TESTING, FLAVOR TESTING, A BEHAVIORAL SATIETY SEQUENCE AND TASTE REACTIVITY. OUR EXPERIMENTS SHOWED THAT ONLY BEHAVIORAL AND FOOD INTAKE PARAMETERS WERE DISTURBED DURING THE FIRST DAY WHEN AN ANIMAL ATE THE HIGH PROTEIN DIET, AND THAT MOST PARAMETERS RETURNED TO BASELINE VALUES AS SOON AS THE SECOND DAY OF HIGH PROTEIN DIET. THE TYPES OF PROTEIN USED IN THE DIET DID NOT SEEM TO INFLUENCE BEHAVIORAL RESPONSES. RATS ADAPTED TO HIGH PROTEIN DIET DID NOT ACQUIRE A CONDITIONED TASTE AVERSION BUT EXHIBITED SATIETY, AND A NORMAL BEHAVIORAL SATIETY SEQUENCE. THE INITIAL REDUCTION IN HIGH PROTEIN DIET INTAKE APPEARED TO RESULT FROM THE LOWER PALATABILITY OF THE FOOD COMBINED WITH THE SATIETY EFFECT OF THE HIGH PROTEIN DIET AND THE DELAY REQUIRED FOR METABOLIC ADAPTATION TO THE HIGHER PROTEIN LEVEL. SECONDLY, WE STUDIED SATIETY EFFECTS OF LOADS OF PROTEIN VERSUS CARBOHYDRATE ON SUBSEQUENT FOOD INTAKE IN RATS. WE USED AN INTRA-ORAL CANULA TO DELIVER ISOENERGETIC ISOVOLUMIC LOADS, IN A TIGHTLY CONTROLLED TIME FRAME ALLOWING FOR BOTH METABOLIC RESPONSES AND OROSENSORY COMPONENTS OF THE LOAD. OUR RESULTS SHOWED THAT THE GLUTEN LOAD (GLT-100%) INDUCED A GREATER DEPRESSION IN FOOD INTAKE THAN AN ISOCALORIC WHEAT STARCH LOAD (GLT-0%). THE TYPES OF PROTEIN USED IN THE LOAD (TOTAL MILK PROTEIN VERSUS GLT) DID NOT SEEM TO INFLUENCE THEIR APPETITE SUPPRESSIVE EFFECT. THERE WAS A DOSE DEPENDANT EFFECT OF THE SATIATING EFFECTS OF THE PROTEIN LOADS, THE GLT-100% LOAD BEING MORE EFFECTIVE THAN EITHER THE GLT-50% OR GLT-35% LOADS. AT LEAST ONE DAY WAS NECESSARY BEFORE THERE WAS A SIGNIFICANT DECREASE IN THE ENERGY INTAKE FOLLOWING THE PROTEIN LOADS. THUS, THE ANIMALS HAD TO LEARN THE POST-INGESTIVE EFFECTS OF THE LOADS BEFORE THE RESPONSE WAS STABILIZED. TAKEN TOGETHER, THE PRESENT RESULTS CONFIRM THAT PROTEIN HAS A GREATER SATIATING EFFECT THAN CARBOHYDRATE AND EXTEND THESE RESULTS BY REVEALING THAT THE LARGER THE PROPORTION OF PROTEIN IN THE FOOD, THE LARGER THE SATIATING EFFECT, AND THAT THE QUALITY OF PROTEIN DOES NOT SEEM TO PLAY A SIGNIFICANT ROLE. OUR RESULTS SHOW THAT THE INGESTION OF A HP DIET OR MORE SIMPLY A HP MEAL ARE ACCOMPANIED BY A SATIETY EFFECT WHICH REMAINS TO BE EXPLAINED
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https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00005716
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Submitted on : Monday, April 5, 2004 - 5:53:06 PM
Last modification on : Friday, March 27, 2015 - 4:02:23 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, April 2, 2010 - 9:07:05 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-00005716, version 1

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Ahmed Bensaid. ROLE DE L'AVERSION GUSTATIVE CONDITIONNEE ET DE LA SATIETE DANS LA DEPRESSION DE LA PRISE ENERGETIQUE INDUITE PAR LES REGIMES HYPERPROTEIQUES CHEZ LE RAT. Autre [q-bio.OT]. INAPG (AgroParisTech), 2003. Français. ⟨NNT : 2003INAP0014⟩. ⟨tel-00005716⟩

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