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La construction sociale d'un savoir sur la dégradation des ressources naturelles: le cas des pâturages dans les exploitations agricoles familiales de la commune de Silvânia au Brésil

Abstract : This work, based on the theories of social representations and dealing with the case of pastures in Brazilian Cerrados, shows that there is no objective definition of the degradation of the natural resources : this one makes sense only compared to the functions allotted to the resources considered, functions socially defined and located.
Thus, the definition adopted by the agronomic research circles is marked by the objectives of agricultural colonization of the region, as well as intensification and modernization of the agriculture. For the "socio-environmentalists" it is marked by the resistance to the process of colonization and by the defense of the interests of smallholders generaly ignored by the agricultural policies.
Concerning farmers, the meaning which they give to the pastures' degradation is related to their practical relation with this resource. In a context of technical change, one shows that the farmers build new representations and that this construction is necessary to give a sense to the innovations and to the concept of degradation introduced by technicians.
Solving the problems of degradation requires to admit their statute of social construction and the role which farmers must play in the construction of a common concept of degradation.
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Contributor : Muriel Figuié <>
Submitted on : Monday, September 6, 2004 - 12:30:51 PM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:38:39 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00006819, version 1

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Muriel Figuié. La construction sociale d'un savoir sur la dégradation des ressources naturelles: le cas des pâturages dans les exploitations agricoles familiales de la commune de Silvânia au Brésil. Sociologie. INAPG (AgroParisTech), 2001. Français. ⟨NNT : 2001INAP0010⟩. ⟨tel-00006819⟩

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