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Stéréoscopie de gerbes de gamma avec les télescopes H.E.S.S.: premières images de vestiges de supernovae au TeV

Abstract : The H.E.S.S. (High Energy Stereoscopic System) experiment in gamma-ray Astronomy consists of four imaging atmospheric Cherenkov telescopes devoted to the observation of the gamma-ray sky in the energy domain above 100 GeV and extending up to several tens of TeV.
This thesis presents a new reconstruction method of gamma-ray induced air showers which takes full advantage of the stereoscopy and of the fine-grain imaging of the H.E.S.S. cameras. This new method provides an angular resolution better than 0.1°, an energy resolution of about 15% at zenith and a very efficient hadronic rejection based on a cut on the lateral spread of the electromagnetic shower which does not depend on simulations.
A new background subtraction method, well adapted to the study of extended sources, was also developed. No assumption, either on the distribution of gamma-rays in the field of view, or on the distribution of hadrons are necessary. It provides two skymaps obtained from a maximum likelihood fit: one for gamma-rays and the other for hadrons.
These two analysis methods were applied to the study of the shell-type supernova remnants RX J1713.7-3946 and RX J0852.0-4622 (Vela Junior), allowing for the first time to resolve their morphology in the gamma-ray domain. The study of these sources should answer the question: ``can shell-type supernova remnants accelerate cosmic-rays up to the knee (5*10^15 eV) ?''. A morphological and spectral study of these sources combined with a comparison of a simple model of emission processes (from electrons and protons accelerated in supernova remnants) provides some constraints on the parameters of the leptonic process. Nevertheless, this scenario cannot be excluded. The different results obtained are discussed and compared with a third shell-type supernova remnant observed by H.E.S.S. but not detected: SN 1006.
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Contributor : Marianne Lemoine-Goumard Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 2, 2006 - 3:40:13 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 27, 2019 - 4:40:27 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, April 5, 2010 - 10:20:27 PM



  • HAL Id : tel-00088492, version 1



Marianne Lemoine-Goumard. Stéréoscopie de gerbes de gamma avec les télescopes H.E.S.S.: premières images de vestiges de supernovae au TeV. Cosmologie et astrophysique extra-galactique [astro-ph.CO]. Ecole Polytechnique X, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00088492⟩



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