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Le lait des Andes vaut-il de l'or ? Logiques paysannes et insertion marchande de la production fromagère andine

Abstract : In Peru, milk and farm cheese made from it both participate in elaborating the agricultural income of numerous Andean peasant families. Based upon a detailed study of the adoption of this dairy orientation by a peasant community of the western side of the central Andes, this thesis explores the issue of Andean dairy farming, using the methodological frame of Compared Agriculture.
In the dry and uneven mountainous environment of the area, setting-up irrigation systems allowed landowners that leaded the hacienda across the 20th century to develop the breeding of dairy cattle fed on irrigated alfalfa fields. After the agrarian reform, a co-operative replaces the hacienda. It is only after the destruction of that co-operative by terrorists of the Shining Path that a new agrarian system is created.
Peasant families recover the resources that had been monopolized by the hacienda and define new rules for the individual and collective control of these resources. They take back for themselves the dairy orientation based on production of irrigated alfalfa initiated by the hacienda. The cheese produced goes to a national dairy market that is expanding thanks to a growing urbanization.
Through the analysis of breeding practices, in particular forage management, made possible by the monthly follow-up of eight peasant families during a year, the thesis highlights the existence of a true dairy logic in Andean production systems. Dairy farming, as it is managed in that area, is efficient in many ways and secures the access to a regular income. Moreover, it is compatible with settling non-agricultural activities, today necessary for this Andean population to survive.
However, comparing Andean dairy production systems enhances great differences in labour productivity. In a context of economic liberalization, competition between different dairy production systems is expected to harden. Partially organised by dairy industries, the pressure to reduce prices might severely affect the least competitive amongst farm cheese producers. Analysing the economic weaknesses of the dairy agrarian system, the thesis discusses several technical and political proposals that could strengthen its sustainability.
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Contributor : Claire Aubron Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, September 29, 2006 - 7:56:58 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 3, 2022 - 5:44:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Monday, April 5, 2010 - 11:07:39 PM


  • HAL Id : tel-00102383, version 1


Claire Aubron. Le lait des Andes vaut-il de l'or ? Logiques paysannes et insertion marchande de la production fromagère andine. Sciences de la Terre. INAPG (AgroParisTech), 2006. Français. ⟨NNT : 2006INAP0007⟩. ⟨tel-00102383⟩



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