Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

Halogénures de lanthane dopés cérium
Des scintillateurs rapides pour l'imagerie médicale

Abstract : This work is dedicated to two recently discovered scintillating crystals: cerium doped lanthanum halides (LaCl3:Ce3+ and LaBr3:Ce3+).These scintillators exhibit interesting properties for gamma detection, more particularly in the field of medical imaging : a short decay time, a high light yield and an excellent energy resolution.
The strong hygroscopicity of these materials requires adapting the usual experimental methods for determining physico-chemical properties. Once determined, these can be used for the development of the industrial manufacturing process of the crystals.
A proper comprehension of the scintillation mechanism and of the effect of defects within the material lead to new possible ways for optimizing the scintillator performance. Therefore, different techniques are used (EPR, radioluminescence, laser excitation, thermally stimulated luminescence,...). Alongside Ce3+ ions, self-trapped excitons are involved in the scintillation mechanism. Their nature and their role are detailed. The knowledge of the different processes involved in the scintillation mechanism leads to the prediction of the effect of temperature and doping level on the performance of the scintillator. A mechanism is proposed to explain he thermally stimulated luminescence processes that cause slow components in the light emission and a loss of light yield. Eventually the study of afterglow reveals a charge transfer to deep traps involved in the high temperature thermally stimulated luminescence.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadatas

Cited literature [98 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://pastel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00135649
Contributor : Olivier Sellès <>
Submitted on : Thursday, March 8, 2007 - 2:12:36 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, October 3, 2020 - 4:20:00 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Tuesday, April 6, 2010 - 9:35:42 PM

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-00135649, version 1

Citation

Olivier Sellès. Halogénures de lanthane dopés cérium
Des scintillateurs rapides pour l'imagerie médicale. Matériaux. Chimie ParisTech, 2006. Français. ⟨tel-00135649⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

604

Files downloads

2554