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Vers une nouvelle méthodologie de mesure de la performance des systèmes de management de la santé-sécurité au travail

Abstract : More than just a current trend, the Occupational Health and Safety Management System (SMS) has become a real instrument of progress for companies. Indeed, several companies have recently chosen to build this management device in order to better deal with occupational risks linked to their activities and to limit occupational accidents and diseases at the workplace. Incidentally, given that the implementation of this system does not have to comply with any regulatory obligations in France, it can be noted that more than two thousand French companies have voluntary decided to adopt it and twenty percent of them have even chosen to certify it. Paradoxically, current methodologies used to measure the performance of the safety management systems seem to be quite limited. Among them, SMS audits (such as OHSAS 18001 or ILO-OSH 2001 audits for instance) as well as the International Safety Rating System (ISRS) remain to be the most interesting methodologies but the classical techniques that they require to collect data introduce a certain amount of errors in the analysis process. Based on these observations, this research proposes a new methodology for measuring the SMS performance, built on a performance model incorporating normative, organisational and sociological principles of safety. Compared to the current methodologies, the one proposed has the advantages of giving particularly important weight to the viewpoint of the personnel on the performance of the system in place and balancing this viewpoint with the normative one of the auditor and finally improving the process of data collection by involving all the personnel and thereby offering a valid technique for quantifying the SMS performance. The methodology has been experimented on two industrial plants.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 18, 2007 - 9:41:38 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 23, 2020 - 4:58:28 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00198867, version 1

Citation

Julien Cambon. Vers une nouvelle méthodologie de mesure de la performance des systèmes de management de la santé-sécurité au travail. Sociologie. École Nationale Supérieure des Mines de Paris, 2007. Français. ⟨NNT : 2007ENMP1472⟩. ⟨tel-00198867⟩

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