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Le métro hors les murs : prolongements de lignes et évolution urbaine de la banlieue parisienne

Abstract : Since the early 1970’s, the extensions to the suburbs of several lines of the Paris subway system has contributed to the functional unification of two traditionally opposed areas. Such a deployment of an originally Parisian network queries, on the one hand, the intrinsic social and urban fabric evolution in the served urban areas and the other the role played by transportations infrastructure. Based on a space division by ring strips, the use of land-use data (IAURIF / MOS) and the population census (INSEE / RGP), this research was conducted in 3 steps. First, urban polarization forms identification through building intensification shows the existence of spatial differentiation within the suburbs, independent from the distance to Paris. Then, the introduction of temporal dimension and descriptive variables of housing stock put into question the origin of leading influence between underground stations and urban configuration. Finally, the analysis of sociodemographic variables distribution and their recent developments allows to recognize the match concomittance between residents settlements and the distance to the subway, but reveals their relationship to the livings characteristics. More than the subway, the urban heritage weight is seen as the main determinant of the observed configurations
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  • HAL Id : tel-00438092, version 2

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Miguel Padeiro. Le métro hors les murs : prolongements de lignes et évolution urbaine de la banlieue parisienne. Sociologie. Université Paris-Est, 2009. Français. ⟨NNT : 2009PEST1074⟩. ⟨tel-00438092v2⟩

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