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L'espace logistique. Organisation logistique et organisation du territoire, le cas du Nord-Pas de Calais

Abstract : This thesis looks at the way logistical organizations take the territorial dimension into account, and the impact these organizations have on any given spatial framework. The region Nord-Pas de Calais was the experimental field for this analysis. This work combines two methodological approaches which complement one another. A "global" approach consists of an analysis of statistical data on flows and locations. It revealed and explained such phenomena as spatial concentration, and the creation of "centralities" and "peripheries" at a regional scale. Another approach, looking at the firm level, and coming from transport economics and management sciences, consists of a decomposition of production structures by site and by function, showing how firms work spatially. Some firms which were typical of five industrial sectors concentrated in the Region were specifically analyzed. This showed a very broad variety of types of organizations. A typology was elaborated by defining five criteria and proposing three referential models for logistical organizations. These models show how firms’ needs have changed overtime and what type of demand freight transport providers will have to satisfy. The mechanisms that structure demand oblige these transport firms to modify their organization and locational strategies. The trend towards metropolisation in the Lille region is a clear example of such strategy, and it responds to some qualitative criteria that this work has tried to identify.
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Submitted on : Monday, October 25, 2010 - 4:08:44 PM
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Séraphin Kapros. L'espace logistique. Organisation logistique et organisation du territoire, le cas du Nord-Pas de Calais. Economies et finances. Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, 1994. Français. ⟨tel-00529460⟩



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