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Utilisation conjointe d'un modèle de génération-distribution et des comptages de circulation pour la reconstitution d'une matrice de trafic routier origine-destination

Abstract : From the analysis of existing methods to the research of a methodology, from the reasoning to the development, from the realisation to the application, we can say that a new method (REMODE) has been developed for the reconstitution of interurban origin-destination matrices from traffic counts. This method, inspired by dynamic programming and graph theories, models the traveller's behaviour on the one hand, and takes the advantage of mathematic calculations on the other hand. The objective function minimises the difference between the traffic counts and the estimated values. From this function, all the processes, especially those of generation, distribution and assignment, are made in a consistent manner in order to guarantee their coherence and global sense of each concerned element. The main features of this new method are : (1) The automatic calibration of the model is assured by the program itself. (2) The traffic simulation is based on the disaggregation of travellers and the supply of the network. (3) The definitions of the priorities of calculation have also been considered in the development of the objective function. This method has been calibrated and applied to the French highway network and traffic census data in 1990. The main reconstituted origin-destination matrices (regional, departmental and intermediate matrices) are interpretable from the mathematical and economical points of view.
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Contributor : Ecole Des Ponts Paristech <>
Submitted on : Friday, October 29, 2010 - 11:46:07 AM
Last modification on : Monday, March 21, 2016 - 5:27:25 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00529502, version 1

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Yu-Sen Chen. Utilisation conjointe d'un modèle de génération-distribution et des comptages de circulation pour la reconstitution d'une matrice de trafic routier origine-destination. Réseaux et télécommunications [cs.NI]. Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées, 1993. Français. ⟨tel-00529502⟩

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