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Approche multiscalaire des liens entre mobilité quotidienne, morphologie et soutenabilité des métropoles européennes : cas de Paris et de la région Rhin-Ruhr

Abstract : The long-term decrease in transport costs made possible the emergence of sprawled, non-continuous and polycentric metropolitan urban regions. Sustainable development raises the question of smart planning of European metropolitan regions, with multiple environmental, economical and social objectives, at various geographical scales. Complex relationships are found between urban form, daily mobility patterns and sustainable aspects, through a quantification of several dimensions of urban form at various levels –local communities, employment catching areas, functional urban regions and metropolitan areas. International and national databases are used : UITP, Urban Audit, French and German statistical offices, as well as a pan European land use database (European Environment Agency). Links between polycentricity and energy consumed in daily mobility for Paris and Rhine-Ruhr metropolitan regions demonstrates shaded results, in which transport costs and effective public transport infrastructures play great role, interfacing several scales of functioning. Planning of European sustainable metropolitan regions would certainly benefit from a better knowledge of the long-term specificities of each area, as well as the multiple equilibriums which may arise between cities, transport and environment
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Submitted on : Friday, June 17, 2011 - 11:31:00 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-00576521, version 2

Citation

Florent Le Néchet. Approche multiscalaire des liens entre mobilité quotidienne, morphologie et soutenabilité des métropoles européennes : cas de Paris et de la région Rhin-Ruhr. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. Université Paris-Est, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010PEST1111⟩. ⟨tel-00576521v2⟩

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