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Flux de micropolluants dans les eaux de ruissellement urbaines : effets de différents modes de gestion à l'amont

Abstract : This thesis aimed at evaluating the contamination of urban stormwater from an upstream watershed by micropollutants and their introduction pathways, and estimating the hydrological effects and the pollutant removal performances of Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS). Four watersheds located in Noisy-le-Grand were studied. They had comparable sizes (1 to 2 ha) and land use patterns (dense residential), but one was drained by a classical separate sewers system, and the other was managed by SUDS.We showed that stormwater from an upstream watershed is contaminated by some priority substances of the Water Framework Directive (PAHs, alkylphenols, phtalates, diuron, isoproturon, atrazine, lead), but at lower levels than the downstream. The concentrations of some parameters still excede the quality standards. Zinc concentrations are even higher than downstream, as a result of emissions from metallic materials from roong.SUDS reduce the volume of surface water discharged by 50 %. The mass of contaminants also decreases by 20 to 80 % (SS, COS, PCB, PAH, alkylphenol, metals). The discharge reduction is mainly due to water losses, whereas removal performances on concentrations are not systematically highlighted. These effects vary with rainfall and particularly with the type of SUDS.The upstream management of stormwater should be encouraged to avoid over contamination due to processes in sewer systems (erosion, bad connections...). Lightly contaminated effluents (infiltration or discharge to middle) can be separated from strongly contaminated ones that can be treated locally or downstream. In order to integrate depollution goals, the design of SUDS, currently based on exceptional events, should also rely on frequent events
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Adèle Bressy. Flux de micropolluants dans les eaux de ruissellement urbaines : effets de différents modes de gestion à l'amont. Hydrologie. Université Paris-Est, 2010. Français. ⟨NNT : 2010PEST1051⟩. ⟨tel-00582379⟩



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